Prevalence and association of thyroid disorders with selected risk factors and severity of disease in patients confirmed of Coronary Artery Disease
Keywords:Subclinical hypothyroidism, hypothyroidism, coronary artery disease, lipid profile, anthropometric parameters, Gensini score, CRP
Objective: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) has been identified as a risk for atherosclerosis and Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and association between hypothyroidism or subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and lipid parameters, anthropometric data and the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients awaiting Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG) from a selected center.
Method: A cross sectional analytical study was carried out amony patients awaiting CABG in a selected center. Thyroid profile (enzyme immunoassay method), lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)], C- reactive protein (CRP) (immunoturbidimetric method) were determined and the Gensini score calculated. Lipid parameters and details of current medication were obtained from the medical records and anthropometric data were measured.
Results: From a total of 102 patients 3% were on treatment for hypothyroidism and 15% had subclinical hypothyroidism. A significantly high (p= 0.04) percentage of SCH patients (75%) were dyslipidemic. There were no significant differences observed in lipid profiles and Lp(a) among SCH and euthyroid patients when the total sample or dyslipidemic sample was considered. However, a significantly high percentage (58%, p<0.05) of SCH patients on statins had a higher level of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) compared to euthyroid dyslipidemic patients. A significant negative (p< 0.05) correlation was observed between thyroid stimulating hormone concentration and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (r= -0.67) in SCH group. No significant differences were observed in anthropometric data, CRP or Gensini score of SCH and euthyroid patients with CAD.
Conclusion: The prevalence of dyslipidemia among SCH patients with CAD was significantly high. The patients suffering from SCH exhibited higher levels of LDLc compared to euthyroid patients from both the total and dyslipidemic groups. SCH patients under statin treatment displayed a higher LDLc suggesting a strong association between coronary artery disease and thyroid disease.
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.19(4) 2020 p.678-684
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