The effct of peer education on the self-efficy and mental adjustment of breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy

Authors

  • Rita Rezaee Clinical education research center, health human resources research center, shiraz university of medical sciences, shiraz, Iran
  • Nasrin Shokrpour English Department, Shiraz University ofMedical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • Maryam Rahimi Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • Arash Mani Psychiatry Department, Shiraz University ofMedical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v19i3.45875

Keywords:

Peer education; Breastcancer; Chemotherapy; Self-efficy; Mental adjustment

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer ranks the first common cancer in women in Iran and is the fifth mostcommon cause of death. Peer education on the self-efficacy and mental adjustment of breastcancer patients undergoing chemotherapy can contribute to their easier adaptation to the disease.This study aimed to determine the improved mental adjustment and self-efficacy for womenundergoing chemotherapy through peer education.

Study Design: This study was conductedusing pre- and post-test follow up and control design approach. 70 women with breast cancerwho underwent chemotherapy in Nemazi hospital participated in this study.

Method: Usingconvenient sampling, the participant were selected and randomly assigned into two groups. Theexperimental group was randomly assigned to four groups and peer education was conductedone educational session per week for 6 weeks. To assess mental adjustment and self-efficacybefore and after the study, Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale (Mini-MAC) and Self-Efficacy Scale for Self-Management of Breast Cancer (SESSM-B) questionnaires were used.Chi-square and t-test were used to analyze the data.

Results: For the experimental group, theresults showed statistically significant improvement in self-efficacy (p<0.000) while the controlgroup showed no significant difference in self-efficacy. Mental adjustment inside each groupshowed a significant increase over the time, but no statistically difference was observed betweenthe groups.

Conclusion: It is suggested that peer led education is a useful teaching strategy asa supportive intervention for women undergoing chemotherapy to improve their self-efficacyregarding breast cancer.

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.19(3) 2020 p.558-566

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Published

2020-03-10

How to Cite

Rezaee, R., Shokrpour, N., Rahimi, M., & Mani, A. (2020). The effct of peer education on the self-efficy and mental adjustment of breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 19(3), 558–566. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v19i3.45875

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Section

Original Articles