The effct of peer education on the self-efficy and mental adjustment of breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy
Keywords:Peer education; Breastcancer; Chemotherapy; Self-efficy; Mental adjustment
Background: Breast cancer ranks the first common cancer in women in Iran and is the fifth mostcommon cause of death. Peer education on the self-efficacy and mental adjustment of breastcancer patients undergoing chemotherapy can contribute to their easier adaptation to the disease.This study aimed to determine the improved mental adjustment and self-efficacy for womenundergoing chemotherapy through peer education.
Study Design: This study was conductedusing pre- and post-test follow up and control design approach. 70 women with breast cancerwho underwent chemotherapy in Nemazi hospital participated in this study.
Method: Usingconvenient sampling, the participant were selected and randomly assigned into two groups. Theexperimental group was randomly assigned to four groups and peer education was conductedone educational session per week for 6 weeks. To assess mental adjustment and self-efficacybefore and after the study, Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale (Mini-MAC) and Self-Efficacy Scale for Self-Management of Breast Cancer (SESSM-B) questionnaires were used.Chi-square and t-test were used to analyze the data.
Results: For the experimental group, theresults showed statistically significant improvement in self-efficacy (p<0.000) while the controlgroup showed no significant difference in self-efficacy. Mental adjustment inside each groupshowed a significant increase over the time, but no statistically difference was observed betweenthe groups.
Conclusion: It is suggested that peer led education is a useful teaching strategy asa supportive intervention for women undergoing chemotherapy to improve their self-efficacyregarding breast cancer.
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.19(3) 2020 p.558-566
How to Cite
Authors who publish in the Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science agree to the following terms that:
- Authors retain copyright and grant Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science the right of first publication of the work.
Articles in Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License CC BY-4.0.This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as greater citation of published work.