Epidemiological characteristics of acute intestinal infection outbreaks in Ukraine Under the current conditions

  • Nina Malysh Assistant, Department of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, Sumy State University
  • Mycola Chemych Professor, Head of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Department, Sumy State University
  • Svitlana Doan Prof., Vice-Rector for Scientific and Pedagogical Work and Post-graduate Education, Kyiv Medical University
  • Roman Rodyna Public Health Centre of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Deputy Director General of the Public Health Centre of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine for Regional Development
Keywords: diarrheal infection; outbreak incidence; nosological structure

Abstract

Objective: determination of epidemiological peculiarities of acute intestinal infections outbreak incidence in Ukraine for the period 2014-2017.

Materials and methods: Applying descriptive and analytical techniques of an epidemiological research method and statistical methods, using materials of the official statutory records of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, the nature of acute intestinal infection outbreaks by etiology, transmission routes and affected cohort groups was investigated.

Result and discussion: At the current stage AII outbreaks are registered every year and throughout Ukraine. Herewith, their specific gravity in total diarrheal infection incidence, excluding shigellosis and salmonellosis, is insignificant. Outbreak incidence levels in the industrial and tourist centres of Ukraine exceed similar rates in other regions by several times. Salmonelloses dominate in the nosological structure of outbreak incidence. The majority of outbreaks is transmitted by food. Most of diarrheal infection outbreaks are connected with catering facilities and children’s pre-school institutions, as well as with visiting festive occasions arranged at home. A rise in outbreak incidence is observed from May till September. Rotaviral enteritis outbreaks are more frequently registered in January through March.

Conclusion: The detected peculiarities of acute intestinal infection outbreak incidence shall be considered when developing regional programs of epidemiological surveillance over diarrheal infections.

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.18(1) 2019 p.73-77

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Author Biographies

Nina Malysh, Assistant, Department of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, Sumy State University

Department of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology

Mycola Chemych, Professor, Head of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Department, Sumy State University

Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Department

Published
2018-12-30
How to Cite
Malysh, N., Chemych, M., Doan, S., & Rodyna, R. (2018). Epidemiological characteristics of acute intestinal infection outbreaks in Ukraine Under the current conditions. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 18(1), 73-77. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v18i1.39552
Section
Original Articles