Factors related to self-care practice in asthmatic patients at rajshahi in Bangladesh

  • Kamruzzaman Mohammod Nursing Instructor, Rajshahi Nursing College,Rajshahi, G.P.O 6000
  • Wanlapa Kunsongkeit Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Burapha University,69 Longhad Bangsean Rd, Chonburi
  • Khemaradee Masingboon Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Burapha University,69 Longhad Bangsean Rd, Chonburi
Keywords: Self-Care Practice; Attitude; Knowledge; Asthmatic Patients

Abstract

Background: This descriptive correlation study was aimed to examine factors related to selfcare practice in asthmatic patients at Rajshahi in Bangladesh.

Methods: A total of 126 asthmatic patients who met the inclusion criteria were selected by simple random sampling technique during March to April, 2014. The research instruments consisted of four parts: The Demographic Questionnaire, The Asthmatic Self-Care Practice Questionnaire, The Attitude of Asthmatic Questionnaire, and The Knowledge of Asthmatic Questionnaire. KR-20 for the reliability of Knowledge Questionnaire was yielded at 0.76 and the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of Attitude and Self-Care Practice Questionnaire were 0.74 and 0.75 respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation coefficient.

Result: The results of the study illustrated that the total mean score of self-care practice in asthmatic patients was 49.63 (S.D = 9.5). The mean total score of attitude was 72.46 (S.D =9.27) and the total mean score of knowledge was 11.80 (S.D = 4.42). There was a moderate positive significant correlation between attitude and self-care practice (r =0.49, p < 0.01). Additionally, there was a moderate positive significant correlation between knowledge and self-care practice (r = 0.30, p < 0.01).

Conclusion: The findings suggested that nurses should conduct health education programs to increase knowledge and promote positive attitude about self-care practice in asthmatic patients.

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.18(1) 2019 p.57-62

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
122
PDF
149

Author Biographies

Wanlapa Kunsongkeit, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Burapha University,69 Longhad Bangsean Rd, Chonburi

Faculty of Nursing

Khemaradee Masingboon, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Burapha University,69 Longhad Bangsean Rd, Chonburi

Faculty of Nursing

Published
2018-12-30
How to Cite
Mohammod, K., Kunsongkeit, W., & Masingboon, K. (2018). Factors related to self-care practice in asthmatic patients at rajshahi in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 18(1), 57-62. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v18i1.39549
Section
Original Articles