Life-orientation, Subjective Well-being and Social Support as Predictors of Quality of Life in Patients with End Stage Renal Disease
Keywords:end stage renal disease, impact of disease, Life-orientation, social support, quality of life, Subjective well-being
Background: Psychosocial experiences such as life-orientation, subjective well-being and social support are punitive in determining the health related quality of life of patients in end stage of Chronic Renal Disease; also termed as End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).
Objectives: to investigate the phenomenon of life-orientation, subjective well-being, social support and perceived health related quality of life in patients with end stage renal disease. ESRD patients life orientation, social support and subjective well-being are significant predictors of their perceived quality of life that further determines their disease management and health status.
Materials and Methods: This research has been laid out through cross sectional survey research design. The data was collected between the time span of Jan, 2016 to June, 2016. The sample comprised of 200 respondents from both gender, equally distributed within the age range of 50 to 60 years, going through last stage of ESRD and relying on dialysis from at least past one year or more. Indigenously translated WHO QoL, Subjective Wellbeing Scale, multidimensional Social Support Scale, Life Orientation Scale and a demographic information sheet was used to collect the data.
Results: The results revealed that life orientation, social support and subjective well-being significantly and positively predicted the health related quality of life; greater social support and higher levels of subjective wellbeing after controlling for the effects of age, gender, income and education were found when the patients carried optimistic and positive life-orientation.
Conclusion: The current research findings therefore incriminate preemptive direction in understanding the phenomenon of life-orientation, social support, subjective wellbeing and health related quality of life in patients with last stage ESRD. This further embarks onto highlighting the insightful guidelines for health and clinical psychologists in devising management interventions, targeting the increased subjective well-being, and promotion of optimistic life-orientation in order to facilitate health related quality of life in the patients with end stage renal disease.
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.16(3) 2017 p.346-353
How to Cite
Authors who publish in the Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science agree to the following terms that:
- Authors retain copyright and grant Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science the right of first publication of the work.
Articles in Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License CC BY-4.0.This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as greater citation of published work.