In Silico screening of T-cell and B-cell Epitopes of Rotavirus VP7 and VP4 proteins for Effective Vaccine Design
Keywords:Rotavirus, Epitope, VP4, VP7, Vaccine design
Rotavirus is one of the deadliest causative agents of childhood diarrhea which causes half a million child death across the globe, mostly in developing countries. However, effective vaccine strategies against rotavirus are yet to be established to prevent these unwanted premature deaths. In this regard, in silico vaccine design for rotavirus could be a promising alternative for developing countries due to its efficiency in shortening valuable time and cost. The present study described an epitope-based peptide vaccine design against rotavirus, using a combination of T-cell and B-cell epitope predictions and molecular docking approach. To perform this, sequences of rotavirus VP7 and VP4 proteins were retrieved from the NCBI database and subjected to different bioinformatics tools to predict most immunogenic T-cell and B-cell epitopes. From the identified epitopes, the sequence VMSKRSRSL of VP7 and TQFTDFVSL of VP4 was identified as the most potential epitopes based on their antigenicity, conservancy and interaction with major histocompatability complex I (MHC-I) alleles. Moreover, the peptide VMSKRSRSL interacted with human leukocyte antigen, HLA-B*08:01 and TQFTDFVSL interacted with HLA-A*02:06 with considerable binding energy and affinity score. Combined population coverage for our identified epitopes was found 70.53% and 45.64% for world population and South Asian population respectively. All these results suggest that, the epitopes identified in this study could be a very good vaccine candidate for the strains of rotavirus circulating in Bangladesh. However, as this study is completely dependent on computational prediction algorithms, further in vivo screening is required to come up in a precise conclusion about these epitopes for effective rotavirus vaccination.
Bangladesh J Microbiol, Volume 35 Number 1 June 2018, pp 45-55