A Comparative Study Between Laparoscopic Management of Ectopic Pregnancy and Laparotomy: Experience in Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh: A Prospective Trial

  • Samsad Jahan BIRDEM Dhaka
  • Tripti Rani Das Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Dhaka
  • Samira Humaira Habib BADAS Dhaka
  • Akter Jahan Government Homeopathic College Dhaka
  • Mahjabin Joarder Bangladesh Medical College Dhaka
  • Nurun Nahar Comilla Medical College Comilla
  • Manisha Banarjee Dhaka Medical College Hospital Dhaka
Keywords: Ectopic pregnancy, laparoscopic, laparotomy

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the efficiency and surgical morbidity associated with laparoscopic management of tubal ectopic pregnancy (EP) compared with that of open laparotomy.

Materials and methods: During November 2008 to October 2012, there were 89 with a confirmed ectopic pregnancy These patients were admitted through emergency or outpatient department and managed by laparoscopy (number 70) and by laparotomy (number 19). The diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy was based on history, clinical symptoms, physical examination, a positive serum B-human chorionic gonadotropin (B-HCG), transvaginal ultrasonography. Patients were informed pre-operatively about the surgical procedures. The main outcome measured included operative time, blood loss, and complications.

Results: Laparoscopic surgery gives an overall success rate of 98.9%. Linear salpingostomy was the main procedure performed in both groups. Estimated blood loss was significantly lower in the laparoscopy group compared with laparotomy group (p<0.001). Only 3 (3.81%) patients in the laparoscopy group required blood transfusion, whereas 16 (74.94%) in the laparotomy group needed transfusion (P<0.0001). The duration of operation in laparoscopy group was 53.2 ± 16.8 minutes and 84.5 ± 30.3 minutes in the laparotomy group. The duration of hospitalization was significantly shorter in the laparoscopy group 1.12±0.5 days compared to 5.25±0.1days in the laparotomy group (p<0.0001). ). In the laparoscopy group 57(72.4%) patients did not need analgesia after surgery compared with laparotomy group where all the patients needed analgesia.

Conclusion: Laparoscopic treatment (Salpingostomy or Salpingectomy) of EPs offers major benefits superior to laparotomy in terms of less blood loss, less need for blood transfusion and postoperative analgesia, a shorter duration of hospital stay. Laparoscopic management of ectopic pregnancy might be the most beneficial procedure with maximal safety and efficacy.

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Author Biographies

Samsad Jahan, BIRDEM Dhaka
Department of Gynecology & Obstetrics
Tripti Rani Das, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Dhaka
Department of Gynecology & Obstetrics
Samira Humaira Habib, BADAS Dhaka
Health Economics Unit
Mahjabin Joarder, Bangladesh Medical College Dhaka
Department of Gynecology & Obstetrics
Nurun Nahar, Comilla Medical College Comilla
Department of Gynecology & Obstetrics
Manisha Banarjee, Dhaka Medical College Hospital Dhaka
Department of Gynecology & Obstetrics
Published
2014-07-18
How to Cite
Jahan, S., Das, T., Habib, S., Jahan, A., Joarder, M., Nahar, N., & Banarjee, M. (2014). A Comparative Study Between Laparoscopic Management of Ectopic Pregnancy and Laparotomy: Experience in Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh: A Prospective Trial. Bangladesh Journal of Endosurgery, 2(1), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.3329/bje.v2i1.19570
Section
Original Articles