Diurnal Variation of Essential Oil Ratio and Composition Of Some Basil Genotypes

Authors

  • Yusuf Ziya Aygun Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, 31060, Turkey
  • Yilmaz Eren Department of Field Crops, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, 31060, Turkey
  • Esra Nermin Ertekin Department of Plant and Animal Production, Programme of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Vocational School, Antalya AKEV University, Antalya, 07525, Turkey

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v51i4.63498

Keywords:

Basil, Essential oil, Diurnal variability, Genotype, Daily changes

Abstract

The change of essential oil ratios and components of five different basil genotypes harvested at different times (00:00, 06:00, 12:00, 18:00) in day was investigated. Plants were grown under the field conditions and essential oils of the plants were extracted by hydro-distillation method. Identification of essential oil components were performed by GC-MS. It was the G5 genotype that had the highest essential oil content in all plant parts, regardless of the time of day. The highest essential oil content (2.8%) was obtained from the dry leaves of the G5 genotype from the sampling made at 18:00. The main components of essential oils were determined as linalool, eucalyptol, trans α-bergamotene, methyl cinnamate, α-muurolol and eugenol. However, while the ratios of these components differed between genotypes, the changes in time of day were similar for some components. Linalool content tended to increase mostly in the middle of the day. This study indicated that essential oil ratio and components of different basil genotypes significantly differed according to harvesting times in day.

Bangladesh J. Bot. 51(4): 787-795, 2022 (December)

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
107
PDF
121

Downloads

Published

2022-12-29

How to Cite

Aygun, Y. Z. ., Eren, Y. ., & Ertekin, E. N. . (2022). Diurnal Variation of Essential Oil Ratio and Composition Of Some Basil Genotypes. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 51(4), 787–795. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v51i4.63498

Issue

Section

Articles