Detection of Compounds and Efficacy of N-Butanol Stem Extract of Chenopodium Murale L. Against Fusarium Oxysporum F.SP. Lycopersici

Authors

  • Syeda Fakehha Naqvi Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
  • Iqra Haider Khan Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
  • Arshad Javaid Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v51i4.63483

Keywords:

Antifungal, Chenopodium murale, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici, n-Butanol

Abstract

An in vitro study was conducted to assess the antifungal efficacy and potential antifungal compounds of n-butanol fraction of methanolic stem extract of Chenopodium murale L. against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici. In order to get n-butanolic fraction, the methanolic extract was partitioned using n-hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate to separate non-polar and low polarity compounds. Finally, n-butanol fraction was separated and its 8 concentrations ranging from 1.562 to 200 mg/ml were assessed for antifungal activity against F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici. There was 1 to 100% reduction in biomass of F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici due to these concentrations. GC-MS analysis of n-butanol fraction showed 25 compounds in it. Literature survey showed that among the identified compounds, 10 showed antifungal activities against different fungi. These antifungal compounds included 2-heptanol, 1-hexanol, 2-hexanol, 3-hexanol, 1- nonyne, decane, tridecane, palmitic acid, 3-octanone and β-sitosterol, could be responsible for antifungal activity against F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici in the present study.

Bangladesh J. Bot. 51(4): 663-668, 2022 (December)

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Published

2022-12-29

How to Cite

Naqvi, S. F. ., Khan , I. H. ., & Javaid, A. . (2022). Detection of Compounds and Efficacy of N-Butanol Stem Extract of Chenopodium Murale L. Against Fusarium Oxysporum F.SP. Lycopersici. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 51(4), 663–668. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v51i4.63483

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