Effects of Boron Application and Gamma Ray Irradiation On Yield of Sugar Beet (Beta Vulgaris L.) Grown in Sandy Soil

Authors

  • Ahmed A Moursy Soils and Water Research Department, Nuclear Research Center, Atomic Energy Authority, Egypt. P.O 13759
  • MM Ismail Soils and Water Research Department, Nuclear Research Center, Atomic Energy Authority, Egypt. P.O 13759

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v50i4.57071

Keywords:

Sugar beet, Boron, Irradiation, Sucrose, Yield, Nutrients

Abstract

Effects of boron as an essential nutrient for sugar beet along with gamma irradiation was traced under field conditions. Data demonstrated that the fresh and dry root yields of sugar beet significantly increased with the increase either gamma dose or boron levels comparing to the non-irradiated and born-untreated plants. It seems that root dry weight tended to increase gradually with increasing gamma dose 0 to 100 Gy, then tended to decrease with 200 Gy dose but it still increased with gradual increases of boron levels. In this regard, the best value of root dry weight was achieved with 100 Gy dose interacted with 2.40 kg/ ha of boron addition. On the other hand, plants exposed to 50 Gy and treated with 2.40 kg/ ha reflected the highest shoot dry matter yield compared to other treatments. Relatively, this treatment increased shoot dry weight by about one fold, two folds and near to two folds for the same sequence. Behavior of NPK uptake by shoots has the same trend. Plants irradiated with 100 Gy together with 2.40 kg boric acid ha-1 yielded the highest total soluble solids (TSS%) and produced the best per cent of sucrose.

Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1041-1049, 2021 (December)

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Moursy, A. A. ., & Ismail, M. (2021). Effects of Boron Application and Gamma Ray Irradiation On Yield of Sugar Beet (Beta Vulgaris L.) Grown in Sandy Soil. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 50(4), 1041–1049. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v50i4.57071

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