Antimicrobial potential of different solvent extracts of Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.

Authors

  • Wajid Khan Center for Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Swat, Pakistan
  • Zainab Bibi Center for Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Swat, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Nazir Uddin Center for Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Swat, Pakistan
  • Huma Gul Center for Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Swat, Pakistan
  • Hayat Khan Center for Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Swat, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v48i4.49032

Keywords:

Extracts, Disc diffusion, Antimicrobial activity, Extraction solvent

Abstract

The antimicrobial activity of different extracts (methanolic, ethyl acetate, hot and cold water extracts) of Morchella esculenta against bacterial strains including Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Bacillus atrophaeus, Bacillus subtilis, Citrobactor freundii, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella typhi, Staphyllococcus aureus, Staphyllococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Xanthomonas oryzae and some fungal strains such as Trychophyton rubrum, Rhizopus stolonifer, Trichoderma citrinoviride, Aspergillus fumigatus and Alternaria alternata was evaluated. Disc diffusion assay was used for antibacterial activity and well diffusion method was applied for measuring the antifungal activities of different extracts. Hot water extract was found more effective against bacterial strains and produced maximum zone of inhibition of 90% against Bacillus atrophaeus at 3 mg/disc, while cold water extract showed strong activity against the majority of selected fungal strains; Trichophyton rubrum, Trichoderma citrinoviride and Alternaria alternata. Ethyl acetate extract of M. esculenta revealed least antimicrobial activities against the tested microbes.

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Published

2019-12-31

How to Cite

Khan, W., Bibi, Z., Nazir Uddin, M., Gul, H., & Khan, H. (2019). Antimicrobial potential of different solvent extracts of Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 48(4), 943–949. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v48i4.49032

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Section

Articles