Morphometric and genetic characterization of medicinally important accessions of Physalis ixocarpa Brot.

Authors

  • Wahid Khan Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, KPK Pakistan
  • Jehan Bakht Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, KPK Pakistan
  • Bilal Muhammad Khan Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, STU-UNIVPM Joint Algal Research Center, Department of Biology, College of Science, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong 515063, PR China
  • Ijaz Naeem 3Department of Microbiology, University of Swabi
  • Muhammad Nazir Uddin Center for Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Swat, Pakistan
  • Bilal A Padder Center for Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Swat, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v48i1.47421

Keywords:

Genetic similarity matrix, RAPD, Accessions, Physalis ixocarpa

Abstract

To support the crop improvement of Physalis ixopcarpa Brot., 16 accessions provided by National Plant Germ Plasm System USDA (USA) and one recently reported accession from Pakistan were characterized for morphometric and genetic diversity. These accessions were evaluated for morphometric and physiological traits. Among these traits, plant height, relative water content, total chlorophyll content, per cent germination and leaf area were found as best for the differentiation among these accessions. These accessions were also screened for genetic differentiation using RAPDs primers. The genetic similarity among accessions was in the range of 0.03 to 0.33. The RAPD data supported the ecological distribution of accessions. It is inferred from molecular typing that accessions PI512005 and PI360740 were the most diverse accessions among the accessions of P. ixocarpa. In this study the genetic data were deviated from morphometric data which might be due to the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of accessions influenced by environmental factors.

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Published

2019-03-31

How to Cite

Khan, W., Bakht, J., Khan, B. M., Naeem, I., Uddin, M. N., & Padder, B. A. (2019). Morphometric and genetic characterization of medicinally important accessions of Physalis ixocarpa Brot. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 48(1), 105–111. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v48i1.47421

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Articles