Effect of genotype-environment interaction on grain yield of exotic rice (Oryza sativa L.) hybrids
Keywords:Exotic rice, Grain yield, Genotype-environment interaction, Hybrid rice, AMMI model
Genotype by environment interaction (GEI) is a major complication in plant breeding. Authors used additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) to evaluate the effects of GEI in hybrid rice genotype and their adaptation in three years at four locations. Among rice hybrid genotypes ACI93024 was stable in all environments with high yield potential. Using AMMI analysis AMMI 1 biplot showed the genotypes HS-273, Heera-2, ACI-2 and HRM-02 were highly stable with moderate yield potential but the genotype ACI93024 was more adapted to a wide range of environment than the rest of the genotypes, while BRRI dhan28 indices the lowest stability. ACI-2, LP-70 and Mayna were specifically adapted to the environment of Rangpur, Jessore and Gazipur, respectively. Comilla was identified as stable environment for all the genotypes.
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