Micropropagation of yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walsp. ssp. Sesquipedalis L. Verdc.) through in vitro culture

Authors

  • I Jahan Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342
  • N Alam Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342
  • PK Roy Institute of Food and Radiation Biology, Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Savar, Dhaka-1000

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v44i2.38529

Keywords:

Multiple shoots, Acclimation, Regeneration, Vigna unguiculata ssp. sesquipedalis

Abstract

An in vitro propagation protocol has been established for yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata ssp. sesquipedalis L. Walp. Verdc.) using shoot tip, nodal and leaf segment explants of the superior plant type obtained from crossing of two selected parental lines. Explants were cultured on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations and combinations of BAP, Kn and Zeatin and NAA, IAA, IBA. The highest percentage (86) of shoot regeneration with maximum shoots per culture (12 ± 0.43) was obtained from nodal explants on MS medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/l BAP and 0.2 mg/l NAA. Addition of 10% coconut water and 75 mg/l urea to the medium enhanced shoot multiplication and elongation, respectively. Rooting of the regenerated shoots was optimum on half-strength MS enriched with 3.0 mg/l IBA. Regenerated plantlets were successfully acclimatized. After acclimation, plantlets were transplanted in the experimental field where the survival rate was 80%.

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Published

2018-10-13

How to Cite

Jahan, I., Alam, N., & Roy, P. (2018). Micropropagation of yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walsp. ssp. Sesquipedalis L. Verdc.) through in vitro culture. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 44(2), 345–350. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v44i2.38529

Issue

Section

Short Communications