Effects of lead toxicity on growth and cell wall extensibility in rice seedlings

Authors

  • Mohammad Talim Hossain Present Address: Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342
  • Kouichi Soga Department of Biology, Osaka City University, Osaka 558-8585
  • Kazuyuki Wakabayashi Department of Biology, Osaka City University, Osaka 558-8585
  • Takayuki Hoson Department of Biology, Osaka City University, Osaka 558-8585

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v44i2.38526

Keywords:

Cell wall extensibility, Growth, Lead toxicity, Rice seedlings

Abstract

The effect of lead (Pb) on growth and mechanical properties of cell wall was investigated in rice seedlings. Caryopses of rice were germinated and grown in various concentrations of lead nitrate for 5 days at 250C in the dark. Growth of rice seedlings was suppressed by Pb ions; significant suppression was caused by low concentration of Pb as 1 μM. Growth suppression was prominent in roots, but not clear in shoot organs, such as coleoptiles or first leaves, suggesting that roots are the primary target of Pb toxicity. The analysis of the cell wall extensibility of rice roots grown in Pb solution indicated that the cell wall extensibility was greatly decreased with increased concentration of Pb ions. These results suggest that Pb may influence the synthesis of cell wall polysaccharides, thereby decreasing the cell wall extensibility, resulting in growth suppression in rice roots.

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Published

2018-10-13

How to Cite

Hossain, M. T., Soga, K., Wakabayashi, K., & Hoson, T. (2018). Effects of lead toxicity on growth and cell wall extensibility in rice seedlings. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 44(2), 333–336. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v44i2.38526

Issue

Section

Short Communications