Efficacy of fungicides and organic oils to control powdery mildew disease of jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.)
Keywords:Fungicides, organic, powdery mildew jujube
Powdery mildew (Oidium erysiphoides f.sp. ziziphi) is the major disease of Indian jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana) in Bangladesh. An experiment was conducted to test the efficacy of six fungicides, two organic oils, and a detergent against the disease. Tested fungicides were Tilt (Propiconazole) @ 0.05%, Folicur (Hexaconazole) @ 0.1%, Bavistin DF (Carbandazim) @ 0.2%, Dithane M-45 (Mancozeb) @ 0.3%, Thiovit 80 WG (Sulpher) @ 0.3%, and Cupravit (Copper) @ 0.3%, the oils were Mustard oil @ 0.5% and Neem oil 0.5%, and the Detergent (Trix) @ 0.5%. The materials were applied as foliar spray for seven times at an interval of 15 days. All of the fungicides and two oils gave significant decrease in severity of powdery mildew and increased fruit yield of Indian jujube irrespective of varieties, locations and over times. Among the treatments, Folicur, Tilt, Thiovit, and Dithane M-45 sprays were found effective than others. The severity index values on two jujube varieties were 3.89-4.50 at Mowna and 4.00-4.53 at Ishurdi in control treatment. The severity indices were reduced to 1.45-1.96 at Mowna and 1.33-2.07 at Ishurdi due to application of Tilt, Folicur, Thiovit, and Dithane M-45, which gave increase in fruit yield over control by 68.88, 63.69, 63.04, and 54.63% in Apple Kul and 83.25, 77.87, 77.39, and 70.36% in BAU Kul, respectively. Most of the treatments were able to reduce number of spotted fruits. The best effective fungicide was found to be Tilt followed by Folicur and Thiovit in reducing disease severity of powdery mildew as well as other fruit diseases like fruit spot and fruit rot and increase fruit yield of Indian jujube. Therefore, Tilt/Folicur may be recommended for jujube growers to control the powdery mildew disease in commercial orchard.
Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 38(4): 659-672, December 2013