Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a review of presentation, pathophysiology, diagnosis and natural course of the disease

Ali Osama Malik, Subodh Devabhaktuni, Oliver Abela, Jimmy Diep, Chowdhury H Ahsan, Arhama Aftab Malik


Apical Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is an uncommon phenotype of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We present a review of best evidence on presentation, pathophysiology, diagnosis, outcomes and management for patients with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Bangladesh Heart Journal 2016; 31(1) : 29-36


Apical Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy; Mimics; Incidence; Natural Course; Diagnosis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bhj.v31i1.30619


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