Surgical Treatment of Left Main Coronary Artery Disease Off-Pump CABG is a Good Option

Khawaja Nasir Uddin Mahmood, Subhash Chandra Mandal, Saiful Haque Talukdar

Abstract

There has been increasing interest in the potential benefit of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery when compared to conventional coronary artery bypass (CCAB) using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in the presence of critical left main stem (LMS) Disease. A prospective observational study was conducted from January 2006 to June 2012 in the Department of Cardiac Surgery in the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Dhaka. The study included total 110 patients with LMS disease who underwent CABG. 25 cases were done under CPB and 85 cases were done on beating heart. The two groups had similar baseline characteristics including age, sex, risk-factors, comorbid conditions and extent of coronary artery disease. There was no difference between the groups with respect to mortality, but the incidence of post-operative bleeding (p<0.05) , blood requirement (p d0.05), inotropic and ventilatory support, intensive care unit (ICU) care and post-operative hospital stay (p<0.05) were significantly reduced when performing off-pump CABG in this high-risk group of patients.

Bangladesh Heart Journal 2015; 30(2) : 61-67

Keywords

Coronary artery disease; Coronary artery bypass; Off-pump

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bhj.v30i2.28813

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