Clinical Spectrum and co morbidities of COVID 19 cases admitted at Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Hospital (AKMMCH): A Retrospective record review

Authors

  • Md Atiqur Rahman Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, AKMMC, Dhaka
  • Sayed Tanjilul Haque Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, AKMMC, Dhaka
  • Sadia Sharmin Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, AKMMC, Dhaka
  • Abu Kawser Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, AKMMC, Dhaka
  • Soma Halder Assistant professor, Department of Community Medicine, AKMMC, Dhaka
  • Gule Tajkia Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, AKMMC, Dhaka
  • Rajibul Alam Department of Medicine, AKMMC, Dhaka
  • Ehteshamul Hoque Department of Oncology, AKMMC, Dhaka
  • Md Ekhlasur Rahman Department of Paediatrics, AKMMC, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/akmmcj.v13i1.64714

Keywords:

COVID-19, Pandemic, SARS-CoV-2

Abstract

Background: Coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has induced a sense of panic around the world and has been declared Pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on the 11th March 2020. Bangladesh a country of 17 million people is not an exception regarding COVID-19. It has reported around five lacs COVID-19 cases with seven hundreds of deaths. In dealing those challenges AKMMCH has started opening a COVID-19 unit since July 2020 in order to render services for the admitted cases.

Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the clinical spectrum of COVID-19 admitted cases, co morbidities, in addition to selected socio-demographic characteristics under review.

Material and Methods: This descriptive type of retrospective record review was carried out among 1690 COVID-19 confirmed cases during the period of July-December 2020. Data were generated from hospital COVID unit admission records using a checklist. Data entry and statistical analysis were performed manually and by using computer.

Results: The study revealed that majority of the cases was found within age 31-70 years with mean age 52.58 and standard deviation ± 21.7. About 76% cases were male and 24% were female. It also revealed that the clinical spectrum of COVID-19, 63% & 23% cases were moderate and severe cases respectively and only 9% were critically severe. Majority of the cases had chronic illnesses and the most common co-morbidities were Hypertension (44%), Diabetes (26%) and Cardiac diseases (10%).

Conclusion: It may be stated that male persons with more than 52 years of age were mostly affected by COVID-19 diseases. Usually moderate to critically severe patient were admitted in hospital COVID-19 unit for better treatment. Hypertension, Diabetes, Asthma and Cardiac diseases were found as the most common co-morbidities. A comprehensive case management protocol involving allied disciplines (medicine, cardiology, and endocrinology) can be implemented towards improved services and better out come in particular.

AKMMC J 2022; 13(1) : 3-7

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Published

2021-12-28

How to Cite

Rahman, M. A., Haque, S. T. ., Sharmin, S., Kawser, A., Halder, S., Tajkia, G., Alam, R., Hoque, E., & Rahman, M. E. (2021). Clinical Spectrum and co morbidities of COVID 19 cases admitted at Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Hospital (AKMMCH): A Retrospective record review. Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal, 13(1), 3–7. https://doi.org/10.3329/akmmcj.v13i1.64714

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Section

Original Articles