Concurrent Carotid Endarterectomy and off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery in Bangladesh: a Prospective Cohort Study

  • Redoy Ranjan Medical Officer, Department of Cardiac surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka
  • Dipannita Adhikary Assistant Surgeon, Al Helal Specialized Hospital, Dhaka
  • Heemel Saha Assistant Surgeon, Al Helal Specialized Hospital, Dhaka
  • Sanjoy Kumar Saha Consultant, Department of Cardiac Anesthesia, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Sabita Mandal Associate Professor, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka
  • Kamrul Hasan Professor and Head of the Department of Cardiac Surgery, National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease (NICVD), Dhaka
  • Asit Baran Adhikary Professor and Chairman, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka
Keywords: Carotid artery stenosis (CAS), coronary artery disease (CAD), coronary artery bypass grafting, carotidendarterectomy

Abstract

Background: A patient of ischemic coronary artery disease (IHD) with additional carotid artery stenosis (CAS) has been distinguished as a high risk group for both heart and cerebral inconveniences following surgical intervention. We review the outcome of concurrent carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and off-pump coronary bypass grafting (OPCABG)in a patient undergoing surgical revascularization for IHD and CAS in a single surgeons practice.

Materials and Methods: In the vicinity of January 2012 and December2016,fifteen patients experienced OPCABG and CEA associatively in a single Surgeon's Practice. Majority 46.66% patient have 75-90% Carotid artery stenosis and 40%patients experienced right sided lesion, though 53.33% experienced left sided lesion. 33.33% patients were found Left main coronary artery disease (>50% lesion) and 100% patients have had significant LAD lesion in this study. CEA was performed before OPCABG in all cases.

Result: Themean age was 62.5±2.8 years; 80% were male. 13.33% had a perioperative stroke while one of them had TIAs (6.6%). Mean ICU stay was 36.6±4.5 hours and patients were released in 10±2 days. There was no mortality in the early postoperative period and co-morbidity was less significant; only 6.6% myocardial ischemia, 13.33% Atrial fibrillation, 6.66% TIA, and 13.33% Stroke.

Conclusion: A combined strategy by means of CEA with OPCABG is safe and savvy in view of the satisfactory consequences of morbidity and mortality rates and also short ICU and hospital stay status.

Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal Vol. 9, No. 1: Jan 2018, P 15-21

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Abstract
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Published
2018-03-01
How to Cite
Ranjan, R., Adhikary, D., Saha, H., Saha, S., Mandal, S., Hasan, K., & Adhikary, A. (2018). Concurrent Carotid Endarterectomy and off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery in Bangladesh: a Prospective Cohort Study. Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal, 9(1), 15-21. https://doi.org/10.3329/akmmcj.v9i1.35819
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Original Articles