Prevalence and Factors Affecting the Parasitic Infections in Calves at Selected Areas of Bangladesh

  • MR Karim Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706
  • SMMR Sumon Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706
  • SH Soad Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202
  • SHMF Siddiki Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706
  • AR Dey Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh
  • MA Ehsan Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202
Keywords: Gastrointestinal parasites, prevalence, calves, coprological techniques

Abstract

Gastrointestinal parasitic infections are considered as one of the major impediments in profitable livestock farming in subtropical and tropical countries. The present study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasites and to determine the effects of different factors in the occurrences of GI parasitic infections in calves. A cross-sectional study, including 413 fecal samples from calves, was conducted in Pabna, Sirajgonj and Gazipur districts of Bangladesh. The samples were examined using standard coprological techniques like sedimentation and floatation techniques, and lugol’s iodine and modified Ziehl-Neelson staining. The overall prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitism was 45.3% and commonly identified parasites were Toxocara spp. (20.3%), Strongyloides spp. (3.9%), Fasciola sp. (1.0%), Moniezia spp. (1.5%), Giardia sp. (10.4%) and Cryptosporidium spp. (7.0%). Among the factors, the age, sex and health status had significant effects on the GI parasitic infections in calves. Therefore, special care such as routine fecal examination for parasitism and proper deworming program should be taken to maintain good health and husbandry of calves for profitable livestock production.

Ann. Bangladesh Agric. (2019) 23(2) : 1-13

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Abstract
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Published
2019-12-02
How to Cite
Karim, M., Sumon, S., Soad, S., Siddiki, S., Dey, A., & Ehsan, M. (2019). Prevalence and Factors Affecting the Parasitic Infections in Calves at Selected Areas of Bangladesh. Annals of Bangladesh Agriculture, 23(2), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3329/aba.v23i2.50051
Section
Original Articles