Ecological and social impacts of eucalyptus tree plantation on the environment

Authors

  • GK Bayle Amhara Agricultural Research Institute (Adet Agricultural Research Centre), Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jbcbm.v5i1.42189

Keywords:

Eucalyptus; Plantation; Forest; Eucalyptus impact

Abstract

Eucalyptus is an ever green flowering tree and a shrub which belong to the family Myrtaceae, subfamily Myrotideae and consists of some 800 species. This tree is native to Australia and widely planted for various uses in the different parts of Ethiopia integrating into the various farming systems, and their planting has resulted in high economic profitability. It is over a century since eucalyptus was introduced in Ethiopia for multipurpose use and rescues the remaining indigenous forests from being destroyed, for controlling soil erosion, for replacing indigenous species for fuel-wood, thereby preventing further degradation of natural forests by quickly producing firewood, would eliminate the causes which frequently may have led to land degradation and desertification and also a food and habitat for wild animals. But, it also a harmful effect on the environment, uses a lot of nutrient which is leading to soil exhaustion and reduction of crop yields, secretion of allelochemical and decreasing crop production, but the trees are neither good nor bad, and careful analysis of the ecological and social implications should be undertaken before planting. Decisions, such as what, where, why and how to grow and how to manage it have to be made; and the social and ecological implications of each decision, as well as the economic implications, have to be weighted up.

J. Biodivers. Conserv. Bioresour. Manag. 2019, 5(1): 93-104

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
4031
PDF
3964

Downloads

Published

2019-07-13

How to Cite

Bayle, G. (2019). Ecological and social impacts of eucalyptus tree plantation on the environment. Journal of Biodiversity Conservation and Bioresource Management, 5(1), 93–104. https://doi.org/10.3329/jbcbm.v5i1.42189

Issue

Section

Articles