Risk factors of postpartum uterine infection and its subsequent effect on fertility of crossbred dairy cows in Bangladesh

Authors

  • MK Hossain Department of Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100
  • AHMM Uddin Department of Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100
  • N Yasmin Department of Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100
  • MM Hossain Department of Medicine,Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100
  • NS Lucky Department of Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100
  • MM Haque Department of Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100
  • M Aktaruzzaman Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100
  • S Alam Department of Livestock services, Pabna

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/ijns.v5i2.28634

Keywords:

Risk factors, uterine infection, fertility, cross breed cows

Abstract

Postpartum uterine infection is extremely important in dairy cattle. It is both common and detrimental to reproductive performance. The present study was conducted to investigate the factors responsible for postpartum uterine infection and its subsequent effect on fertility of crossbred dairy cows in Chatmohar Upazila, Pabna District. A total of 317 cows were selected and registered and then follow up them in postpartum period. Reproductive histories and data of the studied cows were assessed by direct interviewing and from record book of the owners and nearby government veterinary hospital. Totally 33 cows were found uterine infected (10.41%) in postpartum period. The case of pyometra was substantially higher in present study in contrast to others. The incidence of uterine infection puerperal metritis, pyometra and endometritis were 1.89%, 5.99% and 2.52% respectively. Dairy cattle calving season and parity reflected greatly on the incidence of uterine infection. Potentially significant (p<0.05) and higher incidence of uterine infection were associated with poor management system where minimum complications were found with good management practice (3.20%) compared to poor management farms. The dairy cows suffering from endometritis significantly showed prolonged days to first estrus interval, days open and number of services per conception and calving interval values (68.5±0.05 days; 115.4±0.4 days , 4.75±0.50, and 398±6 respectively) than normal healthy cows. Further researches in the near future must be directed for prevention of uterine infection, as most of effective treatments dont prevent the negative impacts of such disease upon dairy, reproduction and culling percentage within dairy herd.

International Journal of Natural Sciences (2015), 5(2) 107-111

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Author Biography

MK Hossain, Department of Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100



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Published

2016-07-31

How to Cite

Hossain, M., Uddin, A., Yasmin, N., Hossain, M., Lucky, N., Haque, M., Aktaruzzaman, M., & Alam, S. (2016). Risk factors of postpartum uterine infection and its subsequent effect on fertility of crossbred dairy cows in Bangladesh. International Journal of Natural Sciences, 5(2), 107–111. https://doi.org/10.3329/ijns.v5i2.28634

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