Prevalence of Dental Caries, Oral Hygiene Status, and Associated Risk Factors Among Schoolgoing Children of Rajshahi District in Bangladesh

Authors

  • Abul Kalam Mohammad Asad Assistant Professor, Department of Dental Public Health, Dental Unit, Rajshahi Medical College, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  • Ranjan Kumar Barman Professor, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  • Md Munimul Huq Professor, Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  • Mir Nowazesh Ali Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Bangladesh
  • Mir Imam Ibne Wahed Professor, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/taj.v35i1.61167

Keywords:

Children, dental caries, oral hygiene, Bangladesh, prevalence

Abstract

Introduction: Dental caries is one of the most prevalent and chronic oral diseases, particularly in childhood, associated with multifactorial causation.

Objective: The study aimed to determine the prevalence of dental caries, oral hygiene status, and associated risk factors among school-going children of Rajshahi District in Bangladesh.  Methods: This cross-sectional design type of descriptive study was carried out among primary school-going children of 5-13 years of age in the Rajshahi district. The sample size was 2000, and that was selected purposively. Data were collected through a partially structured questionnaire. Descriptive variables were explained with mean and standard deviation. The Chi-square test was applied to see the relationship with qualitative variables. Statistical significance was found by applying relevant statistical tests at an appropriate probability level (p<0.05 or <0.01).

Results: A total of 2000 children between 5-13 years of age participated in this survey. The study findings showed a high prevalence of dental caries among 8–10-years old school children. Most (56.9%) of the respondents' fathers were workers, and most (86.3%) of the respondents' mothers were homemakers. It was found that 64.2% of the respondents' fathers and 74.05% of the respondents' mothers had below SSC level of education. About 60% of the respondents brushed their teeth twice a day, and a good number (81.0%) brushed their teeth before breakfast. The majority (68.80%) of the respondents had a family history of dental problems, and 45.6% had average oral hygiene. A large number (49.6%) of the respondents' favorite food was junk food. The relationship of age of the respondents with oral hygiene status was found to be statistically significant (p <0.001) but not with sex, parents' education, and occupation (p >0.05 each). The relationship of oral hygiene status of the respondents was found to be statistically significant with the frequency of tooth brushing (p <0.05), time of tooth brushing (p <0.01), family history of dental problems (p <0.05), most favorite food (p <.001), dental plaque index (p <0.001) and dental caries index (p <0.001).

Conclusions: The prevalence of dental caries was higher among school-going children in the Rajshahi district of Bangladesh.

TAJ 2022; 35: No-1: 125-136

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Published

2022-08-10

How to Cite

Asad, A. K. M. ., Barman, R. K. ., Huq, M. M., Ali, M. N. ., & Wahed, M. I. I. . (2022). Prevalence of Dental Caries, Oral Hygiene Status, and Associated Risk Factors Among Schoolgoing Children of Rajshahi District in Bangladesh. TAJ: Journal of Teachers Association, 35(1), 125–136. https://doi.org/10.3329/taj.v35i1.61167

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Original Articles