Risk Factors Related to Residential Environment of Childhood Community Acquired Pneumonia

Authors

  • Shahida Yeasmin Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Naogaon Medical College, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  • Chaman Ara Registrar, Department of Pediatrics, Rajshahi Medical College Hospital, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  • Md Belal Hossain Assistant Professor,Department of Pediatrics, Rajshahi Medical College, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  • Fazlur Rahman Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Rajshahi Medical College, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  • Md Washim Bari Junior Consultant (Pediatrics),100 Bed Hospital, Saidpur, Nilphamari, Bangladesh
  • Md Belal Uddin Professor and Head, Department of Pediatrics, Rajshahi Medical College, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/taj.v35i1.61166

Keywords:

Environment, Community acquired pneumonia

Abstract

Introduction: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a lower respiratory tract infection occurring in a child who has not resided in a hospital or health care facility in the preceding 14 days. This study was done to determine the risk factors related to the residential environment of CAP among children under five.

Methods: It was a case-control study conducted at the indoor and outdoor units of the Department of Pediatrics and EPI center of Rajshahi Medical College Hospital (RMCH); the study period was two years, from January 2017 to December 2018. The sampling method was purposive sampling. The sample size was 246 children aged 2-59 months, consisting of 123 cases and 123 controls.

Result: A significant association was found between CAP and parental smoking (p =0.000, OR=3.33), overcrowding (p = 0.010, OR =1.96) , indoor air pollution (p = 0.004 ,OR =2.33 ) , exposure to cold & humidity ( p = 0.015 , OR =1.95 ) . The study had identified tobacco smoking of parents, overcrowding, exposure to cold & humidity, indoor air pollution as risk factors for CAP.

Conclusion: CAP is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in under five children (2-59 months) in developing countries like Bangladesh. A huge amount of money is needed to treat the CAP. So, it will be a burden on family and country. However, early detection of the significant risk factors and necessary actions toward these factors help us prevent the development of CAP in under five children (2-59 months) and improve their quality of life.

TAJ 2022; 35: No-1: 117-123

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Published

2022-08-10

How to Cite

Yeasmin, S. ., Ara, C. ., Hossain, M. B. ., Rahman, F. ., Bari, M. W. ., & Uddin, M. B. . (2022). Risk Factors Related to Residential Environment of Childhood Community Acquired Pneumonia. TAJ: Journal of Teachers Association, 35(1), 117–123. https://doi.org/10.3329/taj.v35i1.61166

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Section

Original Articles