Toxicological studies of a metabolite of Streptomyces species on Brine shrimp and Mice
Keywords:Toxicological studies, Brine shrimp and Mice
The cytotoxic activity of the crude chloroform extract of Streptomyces species and a pure compound, 4-hydroxy nitrobenzene (ZS-3) isolated from chloroform extract was determined by brine shrimp lethality bioassay. The LD50 values of chloroform extract and compound (ZS-3) and ampicillin trihydrate were found to be 5.6, 6.6 and 5.0 μg ml-1, respectively. The acute toxicity of the compound (ZS-3) was also performed on Swiss albino mice. The median acute toxicity value (LD50) of ZS-3 was found to be 62 mg kg-1. Thus the isolated compound ZS-3 seems to be safe for therapeutic use.
TAJ 2010; 23(1): 6-9