Detection of Bacterial Causes of Conjunctivitis Among Neonates and Under five Children and Their Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern

Authors

  • Farhana Shams Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • SM Shamsuzzaman Professor and Head, Department of Microbiology, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Shikha Paul Professor and Head, Department of Microbiology, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Bangladesh
  • Tarek Mahbub Khan Associate Professor and Head, Department of Virology, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Nadia Rabin Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Dipika Sarkar Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/ssmcj.v30i2.61927

Keywords:

Conjunctivitis, bacterial cause, antibiotic sensitivity

Abstract

Objectives: The present study was designed to find out the bacterial causes of conjunctivitis among neonates and under five children and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern.

Methodology: A cross sectional study was done in the department of Microbiology, Dhaka Medical College from July 2012 to June 2013. Conjunctival swab samples were collected from neonates and children of clinically suspected conjunctivitis attending OPD of Dhaka Medical College Hospital and National Institute of Ophthalmology and Hospital.

Results: Out of 206 cases, 145 (70.73%) were culture positives. Most common gram positive bacteria was Staphylococcas aureus and gram negative bacteria was Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In neonates, Chlamydia trachomatis were detected by PCR. Organisms show highest sensitivity to vancomycin, amikacin, and chloramphenicol.

Conclusion: So, early diagnosis of bacterial causes and its antibiotic sensitivity pattern will help in proper management of childhood conjunctivitis.

Sir Salimullah Med Coll J 2022; 30: 123-128

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Published

2022-10-20

How to Cite

Shams, F. ., Shamsuzzaman, S., Paul, S. ., Khan, T. M. ., Rabin, N. ., & Sarkar, D. . (2022). Detection of Bacterial Causes of Conjunctivitis Among Neonates and Under five Children and Their Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern. Sir Salimullah Medical College Journal, 30(2), 123–128. https://doi.org/10.3329/ssmcj.v30i2.61927

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Original Article