South East Asia Journal of Public Health <p>The official journal of the Public Health Foundation of Bangladesh. Full text articles available.</p><p>We are having some problems accessing our e-mail due to a technical error. Please use our alternative e-mail addresses (<a href=""></a>, <a href=""></a>) for future correspondence. We are really sorry for any inconvenience caused. Many thanks for your support and cooperation.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p><ol start="1"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> (Dr. Md. Anwarul Azim Majumder) (Md Fahmid Uddin Khondoker) Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:02:52 +0000 OJS 60 Vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy: How much is optimal? <p>Abstract not available</p><p>South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.7(2) 2017: 1-2</p> Salima Kerai ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:01:42 +0000 Current trends of HIV/AIDS in Asia <p>It is very important to recognize the trends in HIV/AIDS in specific areas such as Asia because it is vital to understanding the effectiveness of current approaches towards diagnosis and treatment. It is also very important to understand the risk factors that greatly predispose people in Asia to contracting HIV/AIDS such as lifestyle, culture, and religion. This review extensively analyzes the current trends of HIV/AIDS in India, China, Thailand, Cambodia and Indonesia. Additionally, cultural diversity carries certain social and religious stigmas associated with the disease. These social stigmas also pose as a significant influence on government involvement with regards to the funding of HIV/AIDS awareness, education, prevention, and the protection of human rights. Lack of education about the methods that help people from the disease and mode of transmission remains a significant hindrance in the prevention of a further rise in epidemiological statistics. Moreover, these factors are attributed to the rising incidence or risk of HIV within several populations amongst these countries. This review also analyzes the clinical presentation, epidemiological statistics, and the financial and socioeconomic impacts of HIV/AIDS in India, China, Thailand, Cambodia and Indonesia. Financial burdens and lack of government infrastructure in the healthcare systems are largely responsible for the rapidly rising prevalence of the disease among these populations, along with the inaccessibility to prevention and treatment methods. Furthermore, the scarcity of available antiretroviral and preventative medications is discussed. Lastly, this review explores various methods of diagnosis, treatment and prevention plans that are implemented in modern medicine with respect to HIV/AIDS.</p><p>South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.7(2) 2017: 3-11</p> Adekunle Sanyaolu, Chuku Okorie, Anjali Kumar, Deja LaMoure, Mourad Rabadi, Jennings Hernandez, George Omiloli ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:01:45 +0000 Evaluation of antimicrobial resistance pattern of uropathogens in a tertiary care hospital in Dhaka city, Bangladesh <p>Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections seen in developing countries like Bangladesh. This study is, therefore, designed to determine the bacterial uropathogens and their antibiotic resistance pattern among patients with complaints of UTIs in Dhaka city. This study was carried out in the laboratory of the Department of Microbiology, Bangladesh Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January to June 2015. A total of 2541 urine samples were collected in sterile containers from suspected urinary tract infected cases. A specimen was considered positive for UTI if an organism was cultured at a concentration of <strong>≥</strong>10<sup>5</sup>CFU/ml or when an organism was cultured at a concentration of 10<sup>4</sup>CFU/ml and &gt;5 pus cells per high power field. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of the isolated bacterial species was performed by disc diffusion method following the National Committee for Clinical laboratory Standards (NCCLS) guidelines. A total of 303 (11.92%) bacterial uropathogens were isolated from 2541 urine samples. Among the 303 isolates, majority of the isolates 197 (65.02%) were from females. Both the age groups up to 18 years and above 18 years the highest prevalence was found in females 34(11.22%) and 163 (53.79%) respectively. Most predominant organism was <em>Escherichia coli </em>262(86.46%)followed by <em>Pseudomonas </em>12(3.96%), <em>Enterococci </em>12(3.96%), <em>Klebsiella</em>11(3.63%). <em>Escherichiacoli </em>showed very high resistance to amoxycillin 95.41%, cefradin 90.45%, nalidixic acid and <em>Klebsiella </em>to amoxycillin 90.90%, nitrofurantoin 90.90%. Again <em>Pseudomonas </em>was highly resistant to cefuroxime 100%, cefexime 100%and ceftriaxone 83.33%. <em>Enterococci </em>were found highly resistance to cefexime 91.66%, cloxacillin 83.33%, and erythromycin 83.33%.Due to wide scale resistance of the drugs used to treat UTI, choice of drugs in the treatment of UTI is quite narrow. In country like ours awareness for prevention of UTI should be encouraged among the community level as it affects all age groups.</p><p>South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.7(2) 2017: 12-18</p> Azizun Nahar, Shahed Hasnat, Hasina Akhter, Nilufar Begum ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:01:57 +0000 Expectations of adolescents to receive reproductive health information and services from health service system: A qualitative study in Bangladesh <p>Adolescents, aged 10-19 years, constitute one fifth of Bangladesh's total population of 158 million. Similar to adolescents elsewhere, Bangladeshi adolescents also have special sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and service needs; however, these needs are not adequately addressed by the existing health service system. The present study was conducted to identify adolescents’ expectations of and preferences for receiving SRH information and services. This qualitative study was conducted in six purposively selected areas of Bangladesh using 20 Key Informant Interviews (KII) during September-November 2012. Key informants aged between 15 to 19 years were leaders of youth organizations or class monitors in school. Informants were unmarried and married, males and females, and from rural and urban areas. This study identified that there is a strong need for SRH services for adolescents. Irrespective of their residence and gender, adolescents preferred health service providers to be qualified medical doctors, who are experienced, well-trained and polite. Availability of doctors, maintaining privacy and treatment through counseling were mentioned as their priorities. Both urban and rural adolescents recommended establishing adolescent friendly environment in every government and NGO health service facility. They also asked for gender specific service provider for female and male adolescents. Urban adolescents expressed the need for school health program with provision of school health clinics. On the other hand, rural adolescents recommended for community health workers to raise awareness on adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) issues with parents and families. The adolescents also expected to receive SRH information through mass media, school curriculum, and booklets on adolescent SRH, and peer educator. Addressing the expectations of adolescents will open a new skylight to policy makers to design highly accessible health services for adolescents in Bangladesh</p><p>South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.7(2) 2017: 19-26</p> Samiha Yunus, Sabrina Sharmin, Nafisa Lira Huq, Fariha Haseen, Md Ali Imam, Quamrun Nahar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:02:06 +0000 School-based educational intervention to improve children’s oral health-related behaviors in rural Bangladesh <p>Children in rural Bangladesh have limited access to oral health services. As a pilot project, a one-day one-time oral health educational intervention was conducted at a primary school in Tangail district in Bangladesh. This study assessed the effect of this educational intervention on the children’s oral behaviors using controlled pre- and post-intervention design. Fifty-two students at the intervention school and 37 students at a control school agreed to participate in this study. A baseline survey was conducted for children at both schools using a standardized semi-structured questionnaire. Children at the intervention school received face-to-face dental exercises and a group seminar. Six months after the intervention, a follow-up survey was conducted at both schools to compare changes in children’s oral behaviors at the two schools. The increase in the percentage of intervention-school participants who reported brushing their teeth two or more times per day between the baseline and follow-up surveys was 7.6 times greater than that in the control group (95% CI= 1.7–35.1; <em>p</em>&lt;0.009). The increase in the percentage of intervention-school participants who reported brushing their teeth before bed between the two surveys was 7.3 times greater than that in the control group (95% CI=1.6–34.0; <em>p</em>&lt;0.001). The findings suggest the importance of skill-based intervention, in collaboration with dentists, school teachers, parents, and community health educators. Future studies on the effectiveness of school-based educational interventions should consider longer-term sustainable behavioral changes in children’s oral health.</p><p>South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.7(2) 2017: 27-33</p> Yusuke Furukawa, Fumihiko Yokota, Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Mariko Nishikitani, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Ashir Ahmed, Naoki Nakashima ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:02:17 +0000 Neonatal outcome of term deliveries in Sri Lanka <p>Major proportion (40-70%) of neonatal mortality is among ‘term neonates’. Even though, information on neonatal outcomes of term neonates is scarce. The high volume of term neonatal admissions to neonatal care units signify the importance of studying the neonatal outcomes among term neonates. The aim of this study is to describe the neonatal outcomes, of term neonates following term deliveries (37 completed weeks - 41 completed weeks and 6 days) at Teaching Hospital (TH) Kandy, Sri Lanka. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to describe neonatal outcomes of term neonates before the initial hospital discharge point. A sample of 1,105 neonates, delivered at term were studied during the study period. Mean gestational age at delivery is 38.85 weeks and 41% of term neonates are delivered before completion of 39 weeks of Period of Amenorrhoea (POA). The mean birth weight of the term neo-nates is 2925.24 grams. Out of all term neonates, 15.84% (n=175) were admitted to Neonatal Care Unit (NCU) and 23.3% (n=257) had at least one diagnosed neonatal condition. The commonest neonatal condition was bacterial sepsis of newborn (n=138, 12.48%), followed by neonatal jaundice from other and unspecified causes (n=84, 7.6%), and respiratory distress of newborn (n=44, 3.94%). Median hospital stay of term neonates is 3 days. Majority of term neo-nates admitted to NCU are normal weight term neonates. Nearly one-fourth of term neonates had at least one diag-nosed neonatal condition. Prevention and control of infection from the time of birth to the time of discharge from the hospital should be given due attention to reducing bacterial sepsis among term neonates.</p><p>South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.7(2) 2017: 34-39</p> Damitha Asanga Gunawardane, Samath D Dharmaratne, Dhammica S Rowel ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:02:26 +0000 Aripiprazole is effective in hyperprolactinemia secondary to use of Fluphenazine <p>Aripiprazole is drug that acts as a partial agonist at D2 and 5-HT1A receptors and antagonist at 5-HT2A receptor. It modulates the neurotransmission over activity on the dopaminergic mesolimbic pathway which is responsible for positive symptoms of Schizophrenia. Dopamine antagonism is the mechanism of action of first generation antipsychotics. In this paper we discuss an interesting case in which Aripiprazole was effective in decreasing Prolactin levels which was elevated secondary to previous Fluphenazine use.</p><p>South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.7(2) 2017: 40-42</p> Smit Shah, Pooja Shah, Salman Salaria, Osman Salaria ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:02:34 +0000 Public Health: Emerging and Re-emerging Issues <p>Abstract not available</p><p>South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.7(2) 2017: 43</p> Md Anwarul Azim Majumder, Russell Kabir, Sayeeda Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:02:40 +0000 Conference proceedings Section-1: 5th Public Health Foundation day & International Conference with Health Fair 2017 <p>Abstract not available</p><p>South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.7(2) 2017: 1-33</p> Md Anwarul Azim Majumder ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:02:43 +0000 Conference proceedings Section-2: 5th Public Health Foundation day & International Conference with Health Fair 2017 <p>Abstract not available</p><p>South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.7(2) 2017: 34-68</p> Md Anwarul Azim Majumder ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:02:47 +0000 Conference proceedings Section-3: 5th Public Health Foundation day & International Conference with Health Fair 2017 <p>Abstract not available</p><p>South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.7(2) 2017: 69-116</p> Md Anwarul Azim Majumder ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 08:02:49 +0000