Philosophy and Progress Official journal of the Dev Centre for Philosophical Studies, University of Dhaka. Full text articles available. Dev Centre for Philosophical Studies en-US Philosophy and Progress 1607-2278 <p>© Philosophy and Progress. All rights reserved</p> Islāmic Aesthetics: Art and Beauty <p>Islāmic aesthetic is an outcome of Islāmic civilisation based on Islāmic metaphysics and theology and emphasizes that God is the origin or source of all art and thought, including various art forms. Thus, the essences or forms of all things have their reality in the Divine Wisdom or Intellect (<em>Al-‘Aql-i-Awwal). </em>Islāmic conception of art and beauty has its origin in Islāmic <em>Weltanschauung, </em>so, each object of beauty in nature reflects the Creative and Aesthetic aspect of <em>Jamīl </em>Allāh with His <em>Jamāl</em>. Generally, in Muslim world, art and beauty are almost neglected ones, so, they are not given significant and sufficient importance because of some unauthentic and false notions and consequently, we have almost lost this pristine Islāmic heritage and now we must revisit it and realise its vital function and role in our socio-political and ethico-spiritual life. Islāmic aesthetics has a significant role in the cultural tradition of Islāmic Ummah, so it must be revitalised for a peaceful life’s onward caravan. In the present paper, an effort has been made to discuss the etymological meaning of ‘aesthetics’ in general and the main features of Islāmic conception of aesthetics, including art and beauty, in particular, along with various Islāmic art-forms.</p> <p>Philosophy and Progress, Vol#69-70; No#1-2; Jan-Dec 2021 P 119-144</p> Latīf Hussaīn Shāh Kāzmī Copyright (c) 2021 2022-10-19 2022-10-19 119 144 10.3329/pp.v69i1-2.60186 Gender Discrimination and its Epistemological Basis: A Study on Feminist Epistemology <p>The epistemology which we went through up to 1970’s has hardly been gender-sensitive, and with the emergence of feminism, mainly with its Second Wave, a group of gender-sensitive practitioners of epistemology and feminist philosophy came out to declare that our so far cultivated epistemology (which is sometimes regarded as “pure” and “standard‘) has subtly been infected with viruses of patriarchal ideology and androcentrism. Taking this gender dimension in mind, there has developed a considerable amount of literature, which is referred to as feminist epistemology. It is actually doing epistemology in order to assure cognitive justice to all, and thereby establish gendersensitive humanism, cleansing it from traditional androcentric biases and unjust patriarchal surveillance. This present article is a critical study of this feminist epistemology, where I shall be dwelling upon the epistemological roots of gender discrimination.</p> <p>Philosophy and Progress, Vol#69-70; No#1-2; Jan-Dec 2021 P 145-171</p> Santosh Kumar Pal Copyright (c) 2021 2022-10-19 2022-10-19 145 171 10.3329/pp.v69i1-2.60187 Conceptions of Nature in Religious, Scientific and Historical Overview: A Brief Analysis <p>It is difficult to identify nature with an exact meaning. Depending on circumstances and perspectives the term “nature” has various meanings ranging from spiritual participatory to mechanistic understanding. Having these complexities and ambiguous connotations the current research tries to investigate into some conceptual understanding of nature regarding traditional ideas and modern scientific views. There will also be an endeavor to see nature from a short historical survey. The paper aims to examine these conceptions in the light of environmental sustainability: which understanding of nature seems better to reform the dominating attitudes of humans toward the natural environment? Being critical of conventional and secular meanings of nature, the current paper proceeds to show how an understanding of a different kind can allow humans to behave with their surroundings. In so doing, the present study wants to shed more lights on natural environment, and to add more knowledge to the present discussions of ecological equilibrium.</p> <p>Philosophy and Progress, Vol#69-70; No#1-2; Jan-Dec 2021 P 173-188</p> Md Abu Sayem Copyright (c) 2021 2022-10-19 2022-10-19 173 188 10.3329/pp.v69i1-2.60188 The Role of Sikh Liberalism in Promoting Communal Harmony in Today’s World <p>This study examines the role of the principle of Sikh liberalism in promoting communal harmony in today’s world. Communal harmony has been under threat in almost all countries for decades, and bigotry, distrust, and animosity prevail among the followers of diverse faithbased communities. Individuals need to be whole-hearted, liberal in approach, and tolerant toward the followers of other communities to reduce such inconsistencies in our society. The paper explores that the ideology of Sikh liberalism can be a role model for establishing peace in today’s world of communal violence. This work is a sincere effort to deal with several issues, e.g., humanism, tolerance, fraternity, equality, freedom, secularism, religious pluralism, and accessibility to and honor for contrasting opinions, based on the principle of Sikh liberalism, which are the root of Sikh liberalism. The qualitative research evaluates the all-embracing aspects of Sikhism, where the liberal notion of Guru Granth Sahib and the liberal attitudes of the Sikh Gurus, especially Guru Nanak (1469-1539), the founder of Sikhism, have mainly been highlighted. It discovers the role of Sikhism in promoting communal harmony by analyzing the idea of Sikh liberalism. Thus, the study aims to make the states, governments, and the general people aware of their responsibilities and duties towards promoting communal harmony through comprehending the Sikh approaches to liberalism.</p> <p>Philosophy and Progress, Vol#69-70; No#1-2; Jan-Dec 2021 P 189-209</p> Md Mohshin Reza Copyright (c) 2021 2022-10-19 2022-10-19 189 209 10.3329/pp.v69i1-2.60189 The Development of Hindu Nationalism (Hindutava) in India in the Twenteith Century: A Historical Perspective <p>India has one of the most heterogeneous societies in the world. It is a multi-cultural, multi-linguistic, multi-ethnic and multi-religious country. Constitutionally, it is also a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic. But in recent times, Hindu nationalism or Hindutva has been dominant in shaping Indian politics. Hindutva, a shorthand of Hindu nationalism, is actually a politico-ideological device that appears to be disassociated from the spiritual roots of Hinduism and, to many, it is very much alike to the rise of political Islam. Although Hinduism is native to the Indian subcontinent, Hindutva as a political ideology is comparatively a recent phenomenon which creates a growing concern to the land since 1920s. India experienced the rise of Hindutva as a concrete political ideology in 1923 introduced by V. D. Savarkar as it starts to achieve its popularity since 1980s. Obviously it has many reasons. Hindutva is not a monolithic concept as it is generally perceived. Rather, its text, subtext and context had changed throughout the 20th century depending on the period and leadership. This article aims to analyze the trend of the development of Hindu Nationalism or Hindutva in India since its start in the 20th century through a historical lens.</p> <p>Philosophy and Progress, Vol#69-70; No#1-2; Jan-Dec 2021 P 211-241 </p> Sajib Kumar Banik Copyright (c) 2021 2022-10-19 2022-10-19 211 241 10.3329/pp.v69i1-2.60190