Genetic diversity in nine commercial okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) genotypes

  • A Bashar Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement Laboratory, Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342
  • MK Hossain Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement Laboratory, Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342
  • N Alam Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement Laboratory, Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342
  • Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement Laboratory, Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342
  • R Hasan Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement Laboratory, Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342
  • S Islam Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement Laboratory, Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342
Keywords: Okra, genetic variability, genetic diversity, D2 statistics

Abstract

Nine commercial cultivars of okra were evaluated for a number of agro-botanical traits. The analysis of variance for all the traits showed highly significant variations among the genotypes. The phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) was found higher than the genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) for all characters. Maximum GCV and PCV were observed for branches/plant (42.54 and 42.60) and leaves/plant (27.93 and 27.99) respectively. Heritability as well as genetic advance was found maximum for branches/plant recorded as 99.72 and 87.50 respectively. Based on D2 statistics 9 genotypes were grouped into 4 clusters, namely cluster I, II, III and IV. Highest inter-cluster distance (1.18) was observed between cluster II and cluster IV. The genotypes of cluster IV possessed heterogeneous nature and showed highest intra-cluster distance (0.65). Titanic-1, BARI Derosh-1 and Green Finger genotypes were found superior to the rest of the genotypes due to their highest cluster mean for yield/plant (955.8g), plant height (208cm), leaves/plant (60.8) and fruits/plant (31.4). These information could be useful in recombination breeding programme.

Jahangirnagar University J. Biol. Sci. 3(2): 25-32, 2014 (December)

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Author Biography

A Bashar, Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement Laboratory, Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342


Published
2016-06-19
How to Cite
Bashar, A., Hossain, M., Alam, N., Ahmed, F., Hasan, R., & Islam, S. (2016). Genetic diversity in nine commercial okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) genotypes. Jahangirnagar University Journal of Biological Sciences, 3(2), 25-32. https://doi.org/10.3329/jujbs.v3i2.28283
Section
Original Research Articles