Journal of Science Foundation 2021-04-03T18:38:06+00:00 Dr M. Asaduzzaman Open Journal Systems <p>The official journal of the Bangladesh Science Foundation. Full text articles available.</p> Role of Environment during COVID-19 Pandemic 2021-04-03T18:37:50+00:00 Md Asaduzzaman <p>Abstract Not Available</p> 2021-04-03T14:29:34+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Distribution of Socioeconomic Factors in Use of Tobacco among Population in Lalmonirhat in Bangladesh 2021-04-03T18:37:51+00:00 Omma Hafsa Any Khaled Jamil Manas Kanti Mazumder Soniya Fahmi Mahbuba Akter Khandaker Nadia Afreen Sharna Moin <p><strong>Background:</strong> Tobacco consumption has been identified as the single biggest cause of inequality in morbidity and mortality. Understanding pattern of socioeconomic equalities in tobacco consumption in Lalmonirhat will help in designing targeted public health control measures.</p> <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> The aimed and objectives was to estimate the association between socioeconomic status (income, occupation and education) and multiple measures of smoking behaviors among population of Lalmonirhat.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This cross sectional study was conducted in National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine, Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2010 to June 2010 from Patgram upazila under Lalmonirhat District in Bangladesh. Respondent were selected and a pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> A total of 272 respondents of 1572 households were studied in Patgram Upozila in Lalmonirhat district to find out age, sex, marital status, education, occupation, income in this group and living status, to identify health problems associated with tobacco use and to find out the cost involvement among tobacco users. Majority 164 (60.3%) of the respondents were in between 20-40years of age and male respondents 186(68.4%) were more than female and most 210(77.2%) of the respondent were married. Out of 272 respondents 78(28.7%) were illiterate and their occupation were business 78(28.7%).Most of the 140(51.5%) were monthly income of less than 5000 taka and live in khacha house.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Poverty and poor education are strong risk factors for both forms of tobacco consumption in Lalmonirhat. Public health policies, therefore, need to be targeted towards the poor and uneducated.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, July 2020;18(2):31-36</em></p> 2021-04-03T14:54:15+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Chronic Achilis Tendon Rupture Reconstruction using the Abraham Pankovich Method 2021-04-03T18:37:53+00:00 Md. Somirul Islam Saikat Ghosh Raju Prasad Dey Khaled Ibne Anowar Biplab Mozumder Awatif Ibne Matin Md. Didarul Meher <p><strong>Background:</strong> Achilles tendon is one of the most commonly ruptured tendons of the lower extremity. The treatment of chronically ruptured Achilles tendon is difficult due to several seasons. The optimal treatment of chronic Achilles tendon rupture is surgical repair with using various techniques.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and functional outcomes of chronic Achilles tendon rupture reconstruction via the Abraham Pankovich method.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This was a prospective study of patients with chronic Achilles tendon rupture hospitalized in Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Chittagong Medical College Hospital (CMCH) between January 2018 and May 2019. Patients who were not able to perform a single-limb heel rise were chosen. Ankle functional capacity was assessed using Hooker scale in all patients. The patients were evaluated on the basis of their capability to stand on tip toe on the affected limb and the time required to return to pre-injury daily activities.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>It has been evaluated 10 patients with chronic Achilles tendon rupture. The mean follow-up time was 9 months (range, 6-12 months). The mean time to return to work and daily activity was 3 months. At the last follow-up visit, no patient had any limitation in the activities of daily living and the active and passive ankle range of motion was good. All patients were able to perform single-leg heel rises at the end of follow-up and the Hooker scores were excellent for 7 patients and satisfactory for 3 patients.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The reconstruction of chronic Achilles tendon ruptures via Abraham Pankovich technique is associated with good clinical and functional outcomes.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, July 2020;18(2):37-42</em></p> 2021-04-03T15:34:34+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Estimation of Stature for Long and Short bones utilizing the Line of Correlation 2021-04-03T18:37:55+00:00 Shuvechha Shakya Shekhar Kumar Yadav Arun Dhakal Zeba Un Naher <p><strong>Background: </strong>Estimation of stature can be done from length of short and long bones.</p> <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> The purpose of the present study was to estimate the stature from anthropometry of right and left hand fingers.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The present study consisted of 300 (150 male and 150 female) pre-clinical MBBS and BDS students, 18 to 26 year, Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital, Nepal. All the students were briefed about the study, written consents from the student and ethical boards were taken. Stature, hand length and finger length of student were measured in centimeter by using high board and digital caliper repetitively. Data were analysed by using SPSS.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The difference of stature, hand length and finger length between male and female subjects were found to be highly significant (P&lt;0.01). A positive and highly significant (p&lt;0.01) correlation between structure and hand fingers length were observed in both genders. There was also positive and significant correlates between the bilateral hand and finger measurements in both genders. Linear regression equation for stature estimation was derived using hand length and finger length for both genders and checked for their accuracy by comparing the estimated stature and measured stature. The results shows no significant difference between estimated and measured stature which indicated that hand length and finger length provides an accurate and reliable means in estimating the stature.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Stature of a person can be estimated from short and long bones measurement.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, July 2020;18(2):43-53</em></p> 2021-04-03T15:56:33+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Socio-demographic Characteristics of Patients admitted in the Medicine ward at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Dhaka City 2021-04-03T18:37:57+00:00 Qazi Hena Ferdousi Selim Reza Mahibun Nahar Rafia Akter Ferdoushi Begum Hasnat Jahan <p><strong>Background: </strong>Patients with varied socio-economic condition are admitted in the medicine ward for seeking treatment.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose of the present study was to see the socio-demographic characteristics hospital admitted patients in the medicine ward at a tertiary care hospital in Dhaka city.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Medicine at Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh over a period of 16 weeks starting from March 2003 to June 2003. The study population comprised of all patients admitted in the selected Medicine wards during the study period irrespective of age and sex. All admitted patients in the selected wards irrespective of age and sex carefully screened out by examining the patients' daily hospital records and discharge certificate at the time of their discharge. The details of socio-demographic characteristics of the patients were recorded.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> A total number of 124 patients were recruited for this study. The mean age with SD was 42.18±20.51 years with minimum of 13 years and maximum of 84 years. Male (77.4%) was predominant than female (22.6%). Majority were Muslims (95.2%). Major portions of the patients (31.5%) were businessmen. The respondents having secondary level education were the highest number of patients (35.5%). The mean income with SD was 5210±2966.24 with the minimum of 1000 and maximum of 17000 taka.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> In conclusion middle age adult male Muslim are the most commonly admitted in the hospital.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, July 2020;18(2):54-61</em></p> 2021-04-03T16:17:04+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation on Serum Alanine Transferase and Aspartate Transferase Levels in Middle Aged Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus 2021-04-03T18:37:59+00:00 Tamanna Binte Habib Qazi Shamima Akhter <p><strong>Background: </strong>People with type2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are at amplified chance of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The purpose of the present study was to observe the effects of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation alanine transferase (ALT) and aspartate transferase (AST) in middle age patients with type 2 DM<strong>. </strong></p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A prospective interventional study in&nbsp; 2017 had been recruited 52&nbsp; type 2 diabetic patients of both sexes aged 40 to 50 years. Among them, 27 patients were given fish oil capsule orally ( omega 3 fatty acid 2g/day) for&nbsp; consecutive 12 weeks and&nbsp; r 25&nbsp; patients without supplementation w and ere selected as control&nbsp; also studied after 12 weeks serum serum ALT and AST of all patients was estimated by enzymatic colorimetric method at baseline and after 12 weeks For statistical analysis,</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: In this study ALT and AST significantly decreased in patients supplemented with omega-3 fatty acid after 12 weeks, ALT (alanine aminotransferase) and AST (aspartate transaminase) were decreased in diabetic patients after supplementation with omega-3 fatty acid in comparison to control group.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>It can be concluded that omega-3 fatty acid supplementation was effective to reduce ALT and AST levels in diabetic patients and it may be helpful to minimize the risk of fatty liver in type-2 DM.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, July 2020;18(2):62-66</em></p> 2021-04-03T17:04:03+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Incidence of Deep Vein Thrombosis in Major Orthopaedic Surgery 2021-04-03T18:38:00+00:00 Md. Somirul Islam Muna Islam Saikat Ghosh Raju Prasad Dey Khaled Ibne Anowar Biplab Mozumder Awatif Ibne Matin Md. Didarul Meher <p><strong>Background:</strong> Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is defined as thrombosis of deep veins of the lower extremities. Incidence of DVT is high in orthopaedic cases, associated with morbidity and mortality and definite prophylactic guidelines have been formulated to prevent it.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This prospective study was conducted to see the incidence of DVT in our patients.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedics at Chittagong Medical College Hospital, Chattogram, Bangladesh from May 2018 to April 2019. The reason of doing this study was to find the prevalence of DVT in periarticular hip and knee fractures and surgeries, Daily observation of the clinical signs of DVT was done post operatively until the subjects were discharged from the hospital. D-Dimer test and Doppler ultrasonography were carried out on day 2 and between days 4 and 7 after surgery.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>The overall prevalence of DVT in major surgeries of lower limb in this study as detected by Doppler ultrasonography was found to be in 10 patients.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Thromboprophylaxis should be given to patients undergoing major lower limb surgeries.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, July 2020;18(2):67-71</em></p> 2021-04-03T17:35:47+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Evaluation of Antioxidant, Antitumor, Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Glochidion lanceolarium (Roxb.) Voigt 2021-04-03T18:38:02+00:00 Selina Kabir Ronok Zahan Abdullah Mohammad Sarwaruddin Chowdhury Mohammad Abdur Rashid Mohammad Rashedul Haque Choudhury Mahmood Hasan <p>The present study was designed to investigate the antioxidant, antitumor, analgesic and antiinflammatory activities of methanol extract (MEGL) and petroleum ether fraction (PEFGL) and carbontetrachloride fraction (CTFGL) of stem bark of <em>Glochidion lanceolarium</em> (Euphorbiaceae). Antioxidant potential was evaluated in vitro by DPPH (1,1diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) scavenging assay method. The MEGL, PEFGL and CTFGL showed free radical scavenging activity with IC50 value of 18.32 ± 0.76, 20.29 ± 0.79 and 20.24 ± 2.02 µg/ml, respectively. The antitumor activity of the extract/fractions were determined against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) in mice at 20 mg/kg body weight intraperitoneally. Significant (p&lt;0.001) increase of survival time by 25 ± 0.32, 26 ± 0.10 and 23 ± 0.19 days by the MEGL, PEFGL and CTFGL treated tumor bearing mice was confirmed with respect to the control group (20 ± 0.12 days). Hematological studies revealed that the heamoglobin (Hb) content was decreased in EAC treated mice whereas restoration to close to normal levels was observed in extract/fractions treated animals. Both extract and fractions at the dose of 100 mg/kg b.w., produced significant increase in pain threshold in tail immersion method whereas significantly reduced the writhing caused by acetic acid induced method. The MEGL, PEFGL and CTFGL showed anti-inflammatory activities at the dose 100 mg/kg body weight. Among all the extract/fractions the CTFGL showed comparable best analgesic activity in all the tested methods and also reduced the paw edema (0.85±0.07 after 4h) when compared to carrageenan induced control mice. Therefore, the MEGL, PEFGL and CTFGL of <em>G. lanceolarium</em> was capable to exhibit moderate antioxidant, antitumor analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. This is the first report of antioxidant, antitumor, analgesic and anti-inflammatoryr potential of <em>G. lanceolarium</em>.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, January 2020;18(2):72-80</em></p> 2021-04-03T17:56:41+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Environmental and Chemical Control of Phomopsis Blight and Fruit Rot of Eggplant Caused By Phomopsis vexans 2021-04-03T18:38:04+00:00 MM Islam Md Asaduzzaman MI Faruk MS Hossain MMR Sarker KM Alam <p>The experiment was conducted at laboratory and field of Plant Pathology Division at Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur during the three consecutive cropping seasons 2016-17, 2017-18 and 2018-19 to identify the effective fungicide for controlling phomopsis blight and fruit rot disease of eggplant or brinjal causing <em>Phomopsis vexans</em> . There were same 7&nbsp; treatments viz, T<sub>1</sub>= Biomyl plus(0.2%), T<sub>2</sub>= Top man (0.2%), T<sub>3</sub>= Hayprogim (0.2%), T<sub>4</sub>= Arba gold (0.2%), T<sub>5</sub>= Defence (0.2%), T<sub>6</sub>= Autostin (0.2%) and&nbsp; T<sub>7</sub>= Control with three replications both in the laboratory bioassay and field experiment. Bioassay of six different fungicide was done on mycelial growth of <em>Phomopsis vexans </em>causing phomopsis blight and fruit of eggplant. Six same fungicide were tested on the incidence of phomopsis blight and fruit, and yield of eggplant or brinjal in the field.&nbsp; All the fungicide had significant effect on mycelia growth of fungus and reduction of disease incidence of the crop compared to control. Fungicide of carbendazim group&nbsp; viz. Autostin, Arba gold, Hayprozim and Defence were found better than others for controlling phomopsis blight and fruit rot of eggplant or brinjal both in the laboratory and field. The maximum yield compared to other group of fungicide and control was observed in carbendazim group of fungicide viz. autostin, arba gold, hayprozim and defence.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, July 2020;18(2):81-87</em></p> 2021-04-03T18:33:40+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##