Journal of Science Foundation 2021-01-09T13:00:13+00:00 Dr M. Asaduzzaman Open Journal Systems <p>The official journal of the Bangladesh Science Foundation. Full text articles available.</p> Impact of Climate Change in Rural Health: Bangladesh Perspective 2021-01-09T09:58:19+00:00 Zebunnesa Zeba <p>Abstract Not Available</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, January 2020;18(1):1-2</em></p> 2021-01-09T06:26:59+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Autonomic and Motor Involvement among the Patients Presented with Prolapse Lumbar Intervertebral Disc 2021-01-09T09:54:52+00:00 Md Rustom Ali Ayesha Afroz Chowdhury Md. Farhad Ahmed Md Ibrahim Khalil <p><strong>Background:</strong> Involvement of autonomic and motor nervous system are very crucial for the patients suffering from prolapse lumbar intervertebral disc.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The purpose of the present study was to see the involvement of autonomic and motor nervous system of the patients suffering from prolapse lumbar intervertebral disc.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This cross-sectional study was carried out in the department of Neurosurgery at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from March 2006 to October 2007 for a period of one and half year. Prolapse lumbar intervertebral disc (PLID) patients who were admitted in the Department Neurosurgery at BSMMU, Dhaka, Bangladesh after clinical and radiological evaluation were selected as study population. The involvement of autonomic and motor nervous system were examined among the patients suffering from prolapse lumbar intervertebral disc.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>A total of 59 hospital-admitted cases of PLID were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 40.8±11.9 years and the lowest and highest ages were 21 and 65 years respectively. Majority of the patients had intact bladder function which was 57(94.9%) cases and the remaining 2(3.4%) cases had incontinence of urine. More than half (54.2%) of the subjects exhibited weak extensor hallucis longus test, while 30.5% had weak flexor digitalis longus test.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> In conclusion motor dysfunction is very high, but low rate of autonomic abnormalities are found among the patients suffering from prolapse lumbar intervertebral disc.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, January 2020;18(1):3-6</em></p> 2021-01-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Anatomical Variation of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve with Inferior Thyroid Artery: A Cross Sectional Study in Bangladeshi People 2021-01-09T09:54:49+00:00 Md Rabiul Islam Tahmina Begum Nazrul Islam Md Moshabbirul Islam <p><strong>Background: </strong>Recurrent laryngeal nerve is varied anatomically with inferior thyroid artery.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose of the present study was to observe the anatomical variation of recurrent laryngeal nerve with inferior thyroid artery among Bangladeshi people<strong>. </strong></p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Otolaryngology and Head-Neck surgery at Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh from January 2004 to December 2004 for a period of one (01) year. Patients whose recurrent laryngeal nerve was identified during thyroidectomy due to various pathological conditions of thyroid gland were selected as group I. Again, the dead body which were undergone dissection were designated as group II. All the patients whose recurrent laryngeal nerve and inferior thyroid artery were identified during total, near total, sub-total, hemithyroidectomised or lobectomised were included in this study.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>A total number of 32 patients were recruited for this study. On the left side nerve was found anteriorly in 2(10.53%), in between in 4(21.05%) and posteriorly in 13(68.42%). On the right side-nerve was found anteriorly in 7(30.43%), in between in 6(26.09%) and posteriorly in 10(43.48%). In this series nerve was seen posterior relation more than other two relations and anterior relation more on right side whereas posterior relation on left side, anterior relation more than in between relation on right side but reverse on left side. In group II On the left side nerve was found anteriorly in 2(6.25%), in between in 6(18.75%) and posteriorly in 24(75%). On the right side-nerve was found anteriorly in 8(25%), in between in 9(28.12%), and posteriorly in 10(46.88%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In conclusion each recurrent laryngeal nerve lies posterior to the inferior thyroid artery in the majority of the occasions whereas the nerve lies anterior to the branches of the inferior thyroid artery less commonly except right side of both study group.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, January 2020;18(1):7-12</em></p> 2021-01-09T08:01:49+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Triterpenoids Isolated from Stem Bark of Glochidion lanceolarium (Roxb.), Voigt 2021-01-09T09:54:54+00:00 Selina Kabir Mohammad Rashedul Haque Abdullah Mohammad Sarwaruddin Chowdhury Mohammad Abdur Rashid Choudhury Mahmood Hasan <p>This paper presents the chemical investigation of the stem barks of <em>Glochidion lanceolarium </em>(Roxb.) Voigt, Euphorbiaceae. Classic phytochemical investigation of organic extracts of the aerial parts of <em>Glochidion lanceolarium </em>together with spectroscopic methods led to the isolation and characterization of three triterpenes, namely Epilupeol (1) Glochidonol (2), Glochidone (3).</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, January 2020;18(1):13-18</em></p> 2021-01-09T08:56:59+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Comparison of Serum Lipid Profiles of Women with or Without Hormonal Contraceptives Users at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Dhaka City 2021-01-09T09:54:56+00:00 Kashifa Khatun Naznin Rashid Shewly Shimul Akter Sultana Afroj Nilofar Yasmin Fazle Noor-e Tawhida Shamsun Nahar <p><strong>Background:</strong> Both oral and injectable hormonal contraceptives are the most popular type of birth control measures used in Bangladesh.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose for the present study was to see the effects of hormonal contraceptives on serum lipid profiles.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This was case-control study which was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics &amp; Gynaecology at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2004 to December 2005 for eighteen (18) months. Women of reproductive age group who had given the history of taking low-dose OCP containing 30 meg EE plus 150 meg LNG were included as case group and women who were presented without the history of hormonal contraceptives use were included as control group. Blood was collected from each woman in fasting state and serum was sent for estimation of serum lipids profiles like serum triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL and HDL.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>The study included 40 women (control) who were not using OCP and 40 women (case) who were using OCP for more than one year. Comparison of age between control (31.75±4.85 years) and case (30.43±5.44 years) groups showed no significant difference (p&gt;0.05). No significant difference with raised cholesterol levels (207.50±3.54 and 254.71± 45.54 mg/dl) was reported. Comparison of normal (136.16±39.46 and 154.05±35.33 mg/dl) and raised (229.00±24.52 and 246.32±35.98 mg/dl) triglyceride levels between control and case groups did not statistically significant. Comparison of normal and raised HDL levels did not show statistically any significant difference in control (32.07±3.02 mg/dL) and case (32.48±1.76 mg/dL) groups. Mean (±SD) of normal and raised levels of LDL was significantly high in case group. Normal LDL level was 82.71±26.82 and 111.05±15.40 mg/dl and raised LDL level was 138.55±3.03 and 188.82±40.37 mg/dL.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In conclusion use of low-dose OCP containing 30 meg EE plus 150 meg LNG significantly increases serum cholesterol, serum triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol levels but not HDL-cholesterol.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, January 2020;18(1):19-24</em></p> 2021-01-09T09:50:07+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Aneurysmal Bone Cyst (ABC) Involving Petrous Apex Treated by Microsurgical Removal: A Case Report 2021-01-09T13:00:13+00:00 Forhad H Chowdhury Mohammad Abdullah Yusuf Mohammod Raziul Haque <p>Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a benign progressive expansile bone lesion that usually involves often located in vertebrae, long tubular bones and flat bones. A small percentage of aneurysmal bone cysts arise from the skull base. Skull base involvement is very rare. Here, we describe a 22-year young man presented with diplopia, right sided facial paresis and right sided sensori-neural hearing loss. CT scan and MRI showed a right petrous apex skull base mass that was confirmed as ABC in histopathology after surgical removal.</p> <p><em>Journal of Science Foundation, January 2020;18(1):25-28</em></p> 2021-01-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##