Prevalence of Ciprofloxacin Resistance among Gram-Negative Bacilli Isolated From Urinary Tract Infection Specimens at a Specialist Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors

  • Md. Afzal Hossain Associate Professor & Head, Department of Microbiology, ZH Shikder Medical College, Dhaka
  • Shirin Mohal Professor, Department of Anatomy, MH Samorita Medical College, Dhaka
  • Md. Saiful Islam Lecturer, Department of Microbiology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka
  • Mohammad Abdullah Yusuf Lecturer, Department of Microbiology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jsf.v11i1.19395

Keywords:

Gram-negative bacilli, MIC, fluoroquinolone, ciprofloxacin

Abstract

Background: Susceptibility to fluoroquinolones is very important information before prescribing to the urinary tract infection (UTI) patients. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to see the sensitivity pattern of the Gram-Negative bacilli isolated from urinary tract infection to various antibiotics as well as to know the prevalence rate of Ciprofloxacin resistance.

Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted in a specialized hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from January2006 to June2006 for over a period of six months. The Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) were isolated from clinical specimens of UTIs and antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed. Isolates with resistance or with a decreased susceptibility to Ciprofloxacin (20 mm) were than screened for their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) by using the E-test.

Results: Out of 510 GNB, 97(19%) isolates were resistant to Ciprofloxacin. The MIC of these isolates ranged from 4 to 32µg/ml. Most of the Ciprofloxacin resistant isolates were from urinary tract infections (UTI) of hospital patients both (indoor & outdoor). The Ciprofloxacin resistance was also closely associated with multi-drug resistance, thus limiting the treatment options.

Conclusion: The considerably high MIC values for Ciprofloxacin in this study reflected the extent of the treatment problems for these resistant isolates.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jsf.v11i1.19395

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Published

2013-01-01

How to Cite

Hossain, M. A., Mohal, S., Islam, M. S., & Yusuf, M. A. (2013). Prevalence of Ciprofloxacin Resistance among Gram-Negative Bacilli Isolated From Urinary Tract Infection Specimens at a Specialist Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Science Foundation, 11(1), 11–16. https://doi.org/10.3329/jsf.v11i1.19395

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Original Articles