Adult Onset Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis: A case report

Authors

  • Mohammad Akter Hossain Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology, National Institute of Neurosciences and Hospital, Dhaka
  • Romal Chowdhury Phase-A Resident, Department of Pulmonology, National Institute of Chest Diseases and Hospital, Dhaka
  • Nazmul Islam Phase-A Resident, Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases and Hospital, Dhaka
  • Md Azharul Hoque Professor, Department of Neurology, National Institute of Neurosciences and Hospital, Dhaka
  • Md Enayet Hussain Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology, National Institute of Neurosciences and Hospital, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jninb.v2i1.32970

Keywords:

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, measles, myoclonic jerks, electroencephalogram, antimeasles antibodies

Abstract

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a chronic encephalitis of childhood and young adolescence due to persistent measles virus infection of the central nervous system (CNS). In majority of cases, onset occurs between 5-10 years of age. SSPE generally occurs 5-10 years after measles virus infection1. The diagnosis of SSPE is based on characteristic clinical and electroencephalogram (EEG) findings, increase measles antibody titer in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum. As onset of SSPE in adults is rare and may have atypical feature it requires high index of suspicion for early and accurate diagnosis. Herein, we report a case of SSPE in a male of 26 years with recurrent episodes of myoclonic jerks.

Journal of National Institute of Neurosciences Bangladesh, 2016;2(1): 40-42

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Published

2017-09-11

How to Cite

Hossain, M. A., Chowdhury, R., Islam, N., Hoque, M. A., & Hussain, M. E. (2017). Adult Onset Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis: A case report. Journal of National Institute of Neurosciences Bangladesh, 2(1), 40–42. https://doi.org/10.3329/jninb.v2i1.32970

Issue

Section

Case Reports