Post COVID symptoms in Patients of Cumilla District, Bangladesh

Authors

  • Al Amin Amin Lecturer, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Comilla Medical College
  • Najnin Jahan Hafsa Assistant Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Comilla Medical College
  • Roksana Akter Associate Professor and Head, Department of Microbiology, Comilla Medical College
  • Pinki Shaha Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Comilla Medical College
  • Utshab Roy HMO, Department of Medicine, Comilla Medical College Hospital
  • Nazmul Hasan Lab Consultant, RT-PCR Lab, Comilla Medical College
  • Abu Mohammad Saem Consultant, Department of Pathology, Comilla Medical College Hospital
  • Mohammad Izazul Hoque Professor and Head Department of Hepatology, Comilla Medical College

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jcomcta.v27i1.69407

Keywords:

Post COVID-19 symptoms; Clinical features; Depression.

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 not only takes millions of lives and significant morbidities world wide but also retains significant post COVID symptoms. The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly impacted our psychosocial behaviors due to confinement, social distancing, masks and changes in working condition.

Objective: The objective of our study is to evaluate the symptoms of post COVID-19 Patients in Cumilla district, Bangladesh.

Methods: It was a retro-prospective observational study. All RT-PCR positive patients who tested in RT-PCR lab of Comilla Medical College in 10 days of each month from July to December 2020 were included in this study. 10 days in each month was selected by lottery. Selected patients were interviewed over telephone by the investigator team after getting the verbal consent and their information was recorded accordingly in a preformed data sheet.

Results: Among 606 COVID-19 RT-PCR positive patients mean age was 40.39 ± 15.42 years, 62.8% were male. 97.2% recovered and 2.8% died. 33.8% patients suffered from post COVID symptoms. The most common symptoms were fatigue 73 (26.3%), Palpitation 67 (24.1%), muscle pain 24 (11.7%), CNS disturbance including depression 32 (15%), difficulty in breathing 15 (5.9%) and bodyache 13 (4.6%).

Conclusion: Post COVID-19 is mainly characterized by musculoskeletal, pulmonary, neurological and digestive involvement including depression. More than one third of patients with COVID-19 report long-term symptoms 3 to 10 months after diagnosis. These data suggest that the post COVID symptoms placed a significant burden on society and especially healthcare systems.

J Com Med Col Teachers Asso Jan 2023; 27(1): 14-18

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Published

2023-10-31

How to Cite

Amin, A. A., Hafsa, N. J., Akter, R. ., Shaha, P., Roy, U., Hasan, N., Saem, A. M., & Hoque, M. I. (2023). Post COVID symptoms in Patients of Cumilla District, Bangladesh. Journal of Comilla Medical College Teachers’ Association, 27(1), 14–18. https://doi.org/10.3329/jcomcta.v27i1.69407

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Original Article