Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers <p>As far as we are aware, this journal is no longer being published.</p><p>Official journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers. Full text articles available. <br />From September 2014, the journal will only publish one issue a year.<br />Articles are only accepted in the following subjects: Chemistry, Health Sciences, History, Islamic History and Culture, International Relations, Library and Information Science, Mass Communication and Journalism, Psychology, Statistics</p> Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers en-US Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers 1991-0746 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p><ol type="a"><br /><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work six months after publication simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><br /><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><br /><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> Effects of Affective State on Episodic Memory Retrieval <p><strong>Attention Readers and Researchers</strong></p> <p>"PDF version of this article has been modified two to three times due to problems with one figure and with missing words in the title. The final version of the PDF was last updated on September 27, 2014. We apologise for the inconvenience this might cause."</p><p><strong>Abstract</strong><br />The role of emotion in memory recollection has been an arguable issue for a decade. Episodic memory is very triggering in our day to day life and so as our affective states. Present study was conducted to see whether positive, negative and neutral emotional states (affective states) have any effect in recollecting emotion congruent or incongruent episodic memory. Words of positive, negative, or neutral were presented to the participants either in positive, negative, or neutral mood and immediate recall was used in this present experiment. It was hypothesized that congruent mood would enhance better episodic memory recollection than incongruent mood. A total of 36 adult healthy participants were selected for this experiment following an incidental sampling techniques and they were divided into two contrasting groups namely, congruent and incongruent following purely on the basis of chance. Phases of stimulus presentations were counterbalanced. Different images were used to manipulate affective states of the respondents, and different positive (18 words), negative (18 words) and neutral (18 words) words were used as stimulus. Results were analyzed using paired t test. Results revealed that negative mood enhance negative word retrieval (t = 2.159, p &lt;0.05) but not positive words. Findings were discussed in the light of current theories of episodic memory recollection.</p> <p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers (JBAYR): Vol.2(1), 2012 &amp; 2013: 1-8</p> Asheek Mohammad Shimul Md Rakibuil Hasan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-09-24 2014-09-24 1 8 10.3329/jbayr.v2i1.20536 Economic Analysis of Maize-Cowpea Intercrops in Akko Local Government Area, Gombe State, Nigeria <p class="Default">The study was conducted in Akko Local Government Area, Gombe state, Nigeria to examine the cost and return analysis of maize-cowpea intercrop enterprise. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire administered to 50 respondents on their socio economic characteristics, inputs and output, cost incurred and the revenue realized for the 2013 production season using random sampling techniques. Descriptive statistics, gross margin analysis and regression analysis were the analytical tools used in analyzing the data. The result showed that majority of the sampled farmers (74.6%) was within the age bracket of 31-50 years with (88.9%) that had one form of education or the other. Fertilizer constituted the bulk (47.6%) of the total cost of production. The gross margin, net farm income and return per naira invested were found to be Naira 21245, Naira 20608, N0. 93 per hectare respectively. Double-log model was chosen as the lead equation, the result further indicated that age, seeds and fertilizer are positively significant at p&gt;_ 0.05 with R2 of 55.4% while educational level hired labor and insecticides gave a negative elasticity of their respective coefficients. Insufficient credit facilities, high cost of inputs pest and diseases and use of manual operation are the major constraints in the study area. Therefore it is recommended that credit delivery from lending agencies, inputs early and resistant varieties and labor saving techniques should be made readily available and affordable to farmers to improve their production with the generation of optimum profit.</p> <p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers (JBAYR): Vol.2(1), 2012 &amp; 2013: 9-20</p> Isah Bakoji ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-09-24 2014-09-24 9 20 10.3329/jbayr.v2i1.20537 Fatimid Library: History, Development and Management <p>In demand of time Muslim library has been initiated from the very beginning of Islam like the ancient Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Roman libraries. With the arrival of Prophet Muhammad (Sm.) a new epoch was started in the field of knowledge and science in Islam. From that very day with the appearance of Prophet (Sm.) the beginning of Islamic civilization get impetus and many institutions were established in the Muslim countries and renowned intellectuals and scholars of different fields were associated with those institutions. After this, when the Muslims came closer to the Persian literature and Greek sciences the Islamic library started its journey in the 7th century. So, for the acquisition of knowledge Muslim library has been initiated at Baghdad and later on Muslim Spain and Africa. In this process, as a strong opponent of the Abbasids the Fatimid rulers made tremendous steps in the field of establishing library and library management. As a strong opponent of the Abbasid the Fatimid established royal library and various public libraries. Various important functions such as, collection of books, preservation system, translation, cataloguing, inclusion and clarification of the books were practices in those libraries. Besides these, recruitment, promotion, management of archives and modern system of budgeting were also salient features of their library management. The current research is a humble attempt to find out the functioning, evolution and analyzing of the Fatimid royal, private and public libraries.</p> <p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers (JBAYR): Vol.2(1), 2012 &amp; 2013: 21-32</p> Nakhlu Zatul Akmam ATM Shamsuzzoha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-09-24 2014-09-24 21 32 10.3329/jbayr.v2i1.20538 Impact of Foreign Aid in the Economic Development of Recipient Country <p>No abstract available.</p><p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers (JBAYR): Vol.2(1), 2012 &amp; 2013: 33-37</p> Mustafa Murshed Mosammat Mustari Khanaum ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-09-24 2014-09-24 33 37 10.3329/jbayr.v2i1.20539 God, Religion and Science <p class="Default"><strong>God, Religion and Science </strong></p><p>Professor Md. Azizur Rahman Laskar. First Published: March 2014. Sylhet: Pandulipi Prokashon, Bangladesh. 399 pp. Price: BDT 700, $30. ISBN: 978-984-8922-61-3</p> <p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers (JBAYR): Vol.2(1), 2012 &amp; 2013: 38-40</p><p> </p> Mustafa Monjur ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-09-24 2014-09-24 38 40 10.3329/jbayr.v2i1.20540