Sanctuary Status on Diversity and Production of Fish and Shellfish in Sunamganj Dekar Haor of Bangladesh

Authors

  • MS Islam Department of Coastal and Marine Fisheries, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet, Bangladesh
  • Afzal Hossain Research Associate, Fisheries Component, KGF Project, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jasbs.v45i2.46591

Keywords:

Sanctuary, haor, diversity, fish production

Abstract

To ascertain the sanctuary status on diversity and production of fishes data were collected through primary and secondary sources. A total of 64 species belonged to 48 genera including fish (57), freshwater prawns (2), crabs (1) and mollusks (4) were recorded. Of 57 fish species, 52 were indigenous and rest 5 exotic, which belonged to 9 orders and 24 families. Cypriniformes was the most dominant order with 33.33% of total fishes followed by Perciformes (24.56%), Siluriformes (22.81%), Channiformes (7.03%) and both Osteoglossiformes and Clupeiformes (3.51%). Rest orders showed comparatively less percentage. Cyprinidae occupied the highest position (29.82%) in fish population among recorded families. By percent contribution small indigenous species showed the highest contribution (38.86%) with the highest amount (1936.50 kg/ha) in total fish production than other groups. Average fish production in sanctuaries obtained as 4983.60 kg/ha, which is manifolds higher than haor fish production (408 kg/ha) in Bangladesh. Fifteen (15) fish species were found as threatened and categorized them into critically endangered (1), endangered (8) and vulnerable (6). Results of the study reveal that sanctuary has positive impact on diversity and production of fishes in the haor. Therefore, it may be concluded that restoration of threatened species, diversity of flora and fauna, and overall fish production may be increased in wetlands by establishing sanctuary.

Asiat. Soc. Bangladesh, Sci. 45(2): 175-186, December 2019

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Published

2019-12-28

How to Cite

Islam, M., & Hossain, A. (2019). Sanctuary Status on Diversity and Production of Fish and Shellfish in Sunamganj Dekar Haor of Bangladesh. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Science, 45(2), 175–186. https://doi.org/10.3329/jasbs.v45i2.46591

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