https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/issue/feed International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology 2021-07-07T04:13:43+00:00 Dr. M.S.A. Mamun editor.ijarit@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>Official journal of the IJARIT Research Foundation. Full text articles available.</p> <p>International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology is included on <a title="DOAJ" href="https://doaj.org/toc/2224-0616?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22filtered%22%3A%7B%22filter%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22term%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%222224-0616%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22term%22%3A%7B%22_type%22%3A%22article%22%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22query%22%3A%7B%22match_all%22%3A%7B%7D%7D%7D%7D%2C%22from%22%3A0%2C%22size%22%3A100%7D" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a>.</p> https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54460 The accuracy of PlanetScope imagery to nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and sulfur nutrition estimation in terraced paddy field 2021-07-05T11:24:26+00:00 - Komariah komariah@staff.uns.ac.id - Husnan komariah@staff.uns.ac.id - Mujiyo komariah@staff.uns.ac.id - Suryono komariah@staff.uns.ac.id <p>This study aims to find out the accuracy of PlanetScope imagery in analyzing the total content of Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K) and Sulfur (S) in terrace paddy field. The area for this research is terraced paddy fields in Wonosari Sub-district, Gondangrejo District, Karanganyar Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. Aerial photo analysis from PlanetScope (www.planet.com) was conducted at the Pedology Laboratory and Soil Survey, while soil sample analysis was carried out at the Laboratory of Chemistry and Soil Fertility, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University (UNS). The preparation aerial photo analysis from PlanetScope was carried out in September 2019. Soil sampling, laboratory analysis, and data analysis were carried out from September 2019 to January 2020. There are 3 Citra PlanetScope bands that have a significant effect on the elements being studied. Those three bands are band 1 (red), band 3 (blue) and band 4 (NIR). Multiple linear regression analysis obtained a regression equation model from those three bands. This model can be used as an estimator for the existence of the soil nutrient being studied. The accuracy values obtained for N, P, K and S in terraced paddy fields are 97.58%; 94.85%; 85.97%; and 97.39% and the R2 value of 0.39; 0.30; 0.30 and 0.27. The R2 value, which is still relatively small, indicates that there are many factors may affect the accuracy value.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 1-9, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54461 Determining an effective and economic fungicide spray schedule for reducing blast of wheat 2021-07-05T11:24:27+00:00 MH Kabir bmeah@yahoo.com FS Tisha bmeah@yahoo.com HR Nayan bmeah@yahoo.com MA Islam bmeah@yahoo.com MA Kashem bmeah@yahoo.com MI Uddin bmeah@yahoo.com MR Islam bmeah@yahoo.com MB Meah bmeah@yahoo.com <p>Wheat blast, caused by the fungus <em>Magnaporthe oryzae pathotype </em>Triticum (MoT), constitutes one of the major obstacles to the expansion of wheat production in Bangladesh. In the absence of resistant variety, fungicide control is the first-hand effort. Determining an effective and economic fungicide spray schedule in controlling blast disease of wheat was aimed. Ten fungicides were tested during two consecutive cropping seasons of 2018-2019 to 2019-2020. The wheat plants of blast susceptible cultivar BARI Gom 26 were inoculated with spores (107 spores ml-1) of MoT at pre-heading stage of wheat (52 days age). Fungicides were applied both before inoculation and after the appearance of blast symptoms in cocktail for three times starting from booting of wheat at 7 days interval. Plants received the combination of Filia (Tricyclazole 40% + Propiconazole 12.5%) and Seltima (Pyraclostrobin 10%) had significantly lower blast incidence and severity (1.23% and 3.33%) against untreated plants. Cocktail of Nativo and Trooper (Tricyclazole 75 wp) proved 2nd best curative measure. Application of Nativo (Tebuconazole 50% + Trifloxystrobin 25%) alone ranked third in its efficacy. The fungicide spray schedule covered booting, pre-heading and heading stages of wheat. The results indicate a mixture of Tebuconazole + Tricyclazole + Pyraclostrobin is more effective (97% blast reduction) and economic (BCR 1.45) than a single compound application in reducing incidence and severity of wheat blast.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 10-16, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54462 What determines Enset (Ensete ventricosum) production and its contribution to household income? Empirical evidence from Ethiopia 2021-07-05T11:24:29+00:00 Ejigu Mulatu ejigum61@gmail.com <p>Enset production in Ethiopia is seemingly limited to only consumption-based production and most of producers supplied small amounts of products to the market. This study was conducted with main objective of assessing factors affecting market participation of enset producers in Chena district in southwestern Ethiopia. Two-stage sampling technique was employed to select 101 representative enset producer households. Both primary and secondary data sources were used to gather necessary data for attaining specific objectives of the study. Both descriptive statistics and econometric model were used to analyze the collected data. A Heckman two stage model was employed to analyze the factors affecting households’ decision in market participation in sale of enset products and the amount of gross income earned. Econometric model analysis result showed that; sex of household head, education level, livestock owned, a distance from nearest market center, enset plantation size, and transport access were found to be significant in affecting the probability of market participation decision. In addition, education level, family size, distance from market center, enset plantation, and transport access affected the amount of gross income earned from sale of different enset products. The result suggests the need for stakeholders’ involvement to enable market-oriented production of crop to encourage farmers for better crop production and market supply to have increased amount of income and proper utilization of the crop.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 17-25, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54463 Evaluation of durum wheat varieties for yield and yield related traits in highland areas of southern Ethiopia 2021-07-05T11:24:31+00:00 S Shibeshi shibeshisolomon23@gmail.com D Kassa shibeshisolomon23@gmail.com <p>Durum wheat productivity in Ethiopia is hindered by different factors mainly lack of improved adapted varieties for specific locations. This experiment was done to identify the most performing durum wheat varieties in the tested environment. The average productivity of the tested genotypes were evaluated at two locations (Alicho and Analimo) using randomized complete block design with four replication for two consecutive years (2016 and 2017). The experimental material consists of seven improved durum wheat genotypes. The Combined analysis of variance showed significant <em>(P&lt;0.05) </em>difference among tested genotypes on collected parameter indicating the presence of adequate variability. The highest average grain yield recorded was 4446 kg ha-1 from Hitosa variety while the lowest obtained was 3634 kg ha-1 from Denbi variety. Grain yield had strong positive correlations <em>(P&lt;0.01) </em>with plant height, number of seed spike-1 and biomass.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 26-28, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54464 Climate resilience technology for year round vegetable production in northeastern Bangladesh 2021-07-07T04:13:43+00:00 MA Kuddus kuddus555@gmail.com MJ Alam kuddus555@gmail.com GC Datta kuddus555@gmail.com MA Miah kuddus555@gmail.com AK Sarker kuddus555@gmail.com MAR Sunny kuddus555@gmail.com <p>A study was carried out to investigate climate resilience vegetable production prospect using tower gardening technology during the period of July 2017 to December 2017 in low-lying areas of northeastern Bangladesh (Sylhet and Moulvibazar). Total 24 participants of DFID and EU funded Suchana program (January-December’2017) were involved in the study. Two sizes of tower (a) medium size (4.5 feet diameter and 5.0 feet height) (b) small size (3.0 feet diameter and 4.0 feet height) and two types growing media protecting material (i.e. plastic bag &amp; bamboo mat) were used separately to perform the study. To prepare the growing media (50%) soil, (40%) cow dung/compost and (10%) decomposed water hyacinth were used. Mainly two types of vegetables, climbers (i.e. bottle gourd and bitter gourd) and herbaceous (i.e. kangkong, Indian spinach, red amaranth and okra) were planted to conduct the study. The vegetable production was significantly influenced by tower size &amp; growing media protecting materials and the highest vegetable production (84.35 kg tower-1 and 42.17 t ha-1) was recorded in medium size tower with plastic bag whose sold value was BDT 1968.50 tower-1 and BDT 98.43 Lac ha-1, respectively. In addition, the lowest vegetables production (42.08 kg tower-1 and 21.04 t ha-1) was recorded in small tower with bamboo mat that’s sold value was BDT 955.92 tower-1 and BDT 45.99 Lac ha-1, respectively. Cost-benefit ratio (2.85) was recorded in medium tower and 1.73 in small tower. In disposal pattern of vegetables major portion was used for family consumption (80% and 90%), distribution (15% and 10%) and sold (5% and 0%) in medium and small tower garden, respectively. From the result it may say that both size of tower garden were technically feasible to grow vegetable in inundated situation but medium size tower made of plastic bags performed better than bamboo mat due to less nutrient loss through leaching. The study found tower gardening on medium size tower with plastic bag could be a potential and effective option for year round vegetable production in climate vulnerable communities of Bangladesh.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 29-36, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54465 Analysis of beef cattle marketing channels under transaction costs in rural Ethiopia 2021-07-05T11:24:34+00:00 A Dinku adunedinku@gmail.com B Abede adunedinku@gmail.com A Lemma adunedinku@gmail.com M Shako adunedinku@gmail.com <p>The study was designed to analyze beef cattle marketing channel choice under transaction costs. Multistage sampling technique was used to acquire primary data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Multinomial Logit Model. The findings verified that most of the respondents (49%) were selling at the village markets, followed by farm gate and secondary market with 28% and 23%, respectively. The model results revealed that the probability of selling at farm gate and village market versus selling at secondary market increased with season sales, indicating level of market uncertainty. The results affirmed the probability of selling at village market versus selling at secondary market outlet increased with knowledge of buyer and decreased with trust in buyers. Other significant predictors were volume of beef cattle supplied, farmers' experience, and education level. Thus, policies aimed at improving the smallholder farmers’ access to cattle marketing channels should be informed by these factors.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 37-48, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54466 Adaptation of agroforestry as a climate smart agriculture technology in Bangladesh 2021-07-05T11:24:36+00:00 ZA Riyadh abiar@bsmrau.edu.bd MA Rahman abiar@bsmrau.edu.bd SR Saha abiar@bsmrau.edu.bd T Ahamed abiar@bsmrau.edu.bd D Current abiar@bsmrau.edu.bd <p>Geographical position makes Bangladesh globally as one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change. It is observed that climate change has become a burning issue jeopardizing the agricultural production in the country. Considering the issue, adoption of climate smart agriculture (CSA) is indispensable for mitigating climate change by reducing emissions, capturing the atmospheric carbon and storing it in biomass and soil. The study reviewed the literature to evaluate the potentiality of agroforestry practices as climate smart agriculture to mitigate climate change impacts. Agroforestry has traditionally contributed to climate resilience in Bangladesh by integrating trees and/or crops into different land use practices. Agroforestry systems enhance resilience to climate change through increasing tree cover, carbon sequestration, increasing production, reducing threats to associated crops, creating favourable microclimate to support associated crops, reducing harvest pressure on natural forests, conserving biodiversity and cycling nutrients. Globally 23 countries recognize agroforestry as a mitigation priority, whereas 29 as an adaptation priority. Bangladesh has potential to expand agroforestry practices to mitigate climate change and boost food security. From socioeconomic and ecological point of views as well, agroforestry offers strong potential to evolve climate smart agricultural practices supporting food security, and adaptation and mitigation. Agroforestry practices should increase in climate vulnerable agroecosystems of Bangladesh.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 49-59, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54467 Evaluation and demonstration of leguminous shrubs hedgerows intercropping with maize crop 2021-07-05T11:24:38+00:00 B Lemage belaynehlemage@gmail.com M Tsegaye belaynehlemage@gmail.com Y Anmaw belaynehlemage@gmail.com <p>Smallholder farmers influenced from the challenges of production constraints to afford farm family with surplus food. To improve this problem the present study was designed to evaluate legume shrubs hedgerow intercropping with maize. In the present study, the growth performance of <em>Sesbania sesban </em>and <em>Cajanus cajan </em>was evaluated to determine their potential in hedgerow intercropping. The result revealed that <em>Sesbania sesban </em>performs better than <em>Cajanus cajan </em>in terms of biomass provision in the successive pruning, mean height, branching, diameter at breast height and root collar diameter. Biomass produced from <em>Sesbania sesban </em>was significantly higher than <em>Cajanus cajan</em>, this plays great role in soil nutrient improvement and maize yield also increased. There was an increasing trend in soil properties in terms of organic C, total N, in legume treatments especially in <em>Sesbania sesban </em>hedgerow to the initial and control soils. Maize grain yield higher under <em>Sesbania sesban </em>hedgerow plot than <em>Cajanus cajan</em>, maize with fertilizer and control. This should be intensively demonstrated to sustain the agricultural production as an organic farming through integration of easily adapting, less competing with the companion crop, deep rooted and fast growing legume tree/shrub species. Further research is important in areas of determining decomposing rate of different parts, pruned biomass and potential species should be identified.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 60-68, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54468 Production and profitability of small scale broiler farming in selected areas of Dinajpur district, Bangladesh 2021-07-05T11:24:39+00:00 G Rabbani drgolamrabbani65@gmail.com B Ahmad drgolamrabbani65@gmail.com <p>This study focuses on the production and profitability of the broiler farming by using Cobb-Douglas production function and Benefit-Cost analysis. For this purpose, data were collected from 50 broiler farmers living in Birol and Sadar upazila of Dinajpur district in 2020. The result revealed that involvement in broiler production seems to be profitable for the small-scale broiler farmers for the study areas notifying by net return as Tk. 6681 with a benefit-cost ratio greater than one, whereas the gross return was Tk.193367. The net return over the total cost is 0.075. The production function resulted that feed, medicines and human labor had significant positive effect on production of broiler whereas only rental cost had negative effect. Training had a highly significant (p&lt;0.01) positive effect on production of broiler. Therefore, it can be recommended that training and proper use of drugs and medicine should be encouraged because of their significant impact. Government and NGOs should also arrange more training for improving broiler production in Bangladesh.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 69-73, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54469 Association of common bacterial blight (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli) epidemics with agro ecological factors in Southwestern Ethiopia 2021-07-05T11:24:41+00:00 W Adila wondadila@gmail.com H Terefe wondadila@gmail.com A Bekele wondadila@gmail.com <p>Common bacterial blight, caused by <em>Xanthomonas axonopodis </em>pv. <em>phaseoli</em>, is an economically important disease of common bean and causes significant yield losses in Ethiopia. A field survey was conducted to understand the spatial distribution, relative importance and association of common bacterial blight epidemics with agro-ecological factors in low and mid-land areas of Southwestern, Ethiopia, during the 2018-19 cropping season. A total 85 bean fields were assessed in four common bean growing districts. High diseases incidence and severity was recorded at Debub Ari (77.6 and 52.7%, respectively) while the lowest was from Male (38.5 and 28.0%, respectively). The associations between disease parameters and agro-ecological factors were analyzed using multiple logistic regression models. Agronomic practices including NPS fertilization, preceding crop, weed management and plant population had highly significant (<em>P&lt;0.0001</em>) association with both disease incidence and severity. Also, altitude, seed source and cropping system significantly (<em>P&lt;0.05</em>) influenced disease severity while cropping pattern showed significant (<em>P&lt;0.05</em>) association with disease incidence in the reduced model. Higher mean disease severity (≥40%) had high probability of association with district, absence of NPS fertilization, poor weed management practice, and preceding crops, than their counter parts. Adequate NPS fertilization increases growth performance of the crop in turn decreases disease intensity, weed serve as alternate host for incoming inoculum and previous crops were source for inocula as well as crop rotation used as reduce inoculum load. Therefore, the present study showed that the disease is a major production constraint of common bean, and suggested proper nutrient and weed management practices, and crop rotation to reduce common bacterial blight in the study areas.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 74-83, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54470 Comparative profitability analysis and resource use efficiency of beekeeping using wooden and poly hive in some selected areas of Bangladesh 2021-07-05T11:24:42+00:00 FT Sadia fatematussadia92@gmail.com MS Hossain fatematussadia92@gmail.com R Begum fatematussadia92@gmail.com MHK Sujan fatematussadia92@gmail.com <p>Apiarist traditionally adopt wooden hive in beekeeping. Modern poly hive provides a superior environment to raise and keep the honeybee population more vigorous due to its high-tech internal facilities and sanitary system. This study was conducted to examine the comparative profitability and resource use efficiency of beekeeping using traditional wooden hive and modern poly hive in Bangladesh during 2017-18. A total of 60 beekeepers, all have traditional wooden hive and 15 have modern poly hive, were randomly selected from Sirajganj, Gazipur and Satkhira districts to conduct farm level survey with pre-tested questionnaire. Findings of the study reveal that per hive gross and net return were Tk. 11019.26 and 4082.45 for wooden hive and Tk. 27373.34 and 19838.42 for poly hive, respectively. Total cost of beekeeping was Tk. 6936.81 and 7534.92 per hive for wooden and poly hive, respectively. Besides, benefit-cost ratios (BCR) were 1.59 and 3.63 for wooden and poly hive, respectively. Cobb-Douglas production function analysis reveals that labour, transportation, insecticide, equipment, hive and rental costs had significant influence on the returns of beekeeping. More than two times higher BCR and significant positive dummy variable “modern poly hive” indicate the greater profitability of beekeeping in modern poly hives. Resource use efficiency analysis indicates that labour, insecticide, equipment, and honey extraction inputs were under-utilized while feed, transportation, marketing, hive, colony and rental inputs were over-utilized. Beekeeping is also affected by some constraints including high costs of modern poly hive accessories, lack of skilled labour and initial capital, inadequate transportation and marketing facilities. Government and other related organizations should take necessary measures to mitigate those problems. Based on the findings, it is recommended to adopt modern poly hive in beekeeping.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 84-91, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54471 Effect of decision variables on yield and water productivity of onion under conventional furrow irrigation system in bako woreda, Ethiopia 2021-07-05T11:24:44+00:00 G Genemo 4genemo@gmail.com T Seyoum 4genemo@gmail.com <p>Flow rate and furrow length are the main irrigation decision variables currently affecting yield and water productivity at farm level. Improper selection of these variables produces an over use of water and loss in crop production. The general objective was to investigate the effect of decision variables on yield and water productivity of onion under conventional furrow irrigation system, with specific objective to analyze the effect of flow rate, furrow length and their interaction on yield and water productivity of onion. The field experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design with factorial arrangement of three levels of flow rate (0.7, 0.98 and 1.3 L/S) and three levels of furrow length (25, 35 and 50 m) with three replications. Inflow out flow method was used to determine the infiltration characteristics of the soil and Irrigation depth was controlled by using 3-inch Parshall flume. The maximum non-erosive flow rate to the experimental site was fixed through design equation considering soil textural class and furrow bed slope. Effect of furrow length and flow rate on yield and water productivity of the onion were used for evaluation. Their analyses indicated that effect of furrow length and their interaction with flow rate on yield were not significant (p&lt;0.05). However, the flow rate showed highly significant (p&lt;0.01) effect on yield of onion. The ranges of mean yield gained from furrow length and flow rate were F1 (14.75 ton ha-1) to F<sub>3</sub> (15.96 ton ha<sup>-1</sup>) and Q<sub>1</sub> (13.59 ton ha<sup>-1</sup>) to Q<sub>3</sub> (19.69 ton ha<sup>-1</sup>), respectively. The effect of furrow length on crop water use efficiency and field water use efficiency was not significant (p&lt;0.05). However, the flow rate has showed highly significant (p&lt;0.01) effect on crop water use efficiency and field water use efficiency. The range of mean crop water use efficiency and field water use efficiency from furrow length and flow rate were F<sub>1</sub> (33.65 kg/ha/mm) to F<sub>3</sub> (36.41 kg/ha/mm) and Q1 (30.99 kg/ha/mm) to Q<sub>3</sub> (38.65kg/ha/mm) and F<sub>1</sub> (2.06 kg/m<sup>3</sup>) to F<sub>3</sub> (2.23 kg/m<sup>3</sup>) and Q<sub>1</sub> (1.89 kg/m<sup>3</sup>) to Q<sub>3</sub> (2.36 kg/m<sup>3</sup>), respectively. Therefore, it can be concluded that a furrow length of 50 m is suitable to use 1.3 L/S of flow rate for better onion yield and water productivity under similar soil type of study area.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 92-100, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54472 Problem confrontation of sugarcane farmers in Natore district of Bangladesh 2021-07-05T11:24:46+00:00 MJ Hoque jiaul_agext@bau.edu.bd MI Hossain jiaul_agext@bau.edu.bd MA Sarker jiaul_agext@bau.edu.bd MNAS Mithun jiaul_agext@bau.edu.bd <p>The present study was conducted to explore the problems of sugarcane farmers in the selected areas of Natore district in Bangladesh. A total of 100 farmers were selected from Lalpur upazila of Natore district by using a simple random sampling technique. Data were collected through individual interviews during October to November, 2019 by using a structured interview schedule. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data. The majority of the sugarcane farmers (80%) had medium problems in sugarcane cultivation. Among twenty problems, difficulty in getting sugarcane setts was identified as the most critical one, followed by low market price of sugarcane. The least important problem faced by the farmers was lack of labour for sugarcane cultivation. Correlation analysis revealed that credit received, input availability, and extension media contact were significantly associated with the problems of sugarcane farmers. The study indicated some opportunities for the policymakers to address the dominant factors i.e. credit received, input availability, and extension media contact for increasing sugarcane production. Moreover, credit facilities, supply of inputs, proper training and access to extension services could play a vital role in lessening problems in sugarcane cultivation.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 101-108, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54473 Effectiveness of local microorganisms (LMO) coconut pulp on composting time 2021-07-05T11:24:47+00:00 - Darwel welpiero1@gmail.com R Selvia welpiero1@gmail.com F Fadillah welpiero1@gmail.com - Mahaza welpiero1@gmail.com E Zicof welpiero1@gmail.com <p>Compost can be used to reduce waste, it formed naturally, but it will take a long time, around 6-12 months. Bioactivators accelerate composting process; one of them is a solution of LMO (Local Microorganism) coconut pulp. The purpose of this study to determine the effectiveness of LMO coconut pulp for the composting time. The method in this research is quasi-experimental. This study consists of 3 treatments with 5 replications. Treatment 1 composting with the addition of LMO coconut pulp 50,000 ppm; treatment 2 composting with the addition of LMO coconut pulp 100,000 ppm; treatment 3 composting with the addition of LMO coconut pulp 200,000 ppm. The materials used in this study are vegetables and sawdust and the composting process carried out aerobically. From the observations, the average time to compile with LMO coconut pulp 50,000 ppm is 21.00 (21 days), 100,000 ppm 18.60 (19 days) and 200,000 ppm 18.20 (18 days). Based on the ANOVA test, the p value is 0.0001 (p &lt;0.05) which means that H0 rejected, that there is a significant difference in composting time using LMO coconut pulp 50,000 ppm, 100,000 ppm, and 200,000 ppm. The most significant difference is between compost with LMO coconut pulp 50,000 ppm and compost with LMO coconut pulp 200,000 ppm. It is recommended for the further researchers using other types of waste, and test the quality of compost produced especially C/N compost. The community can use coconut pulp as a bioactivator in accelerating the composting process.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 109-116, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/IJARIT/article/view/54474 Effects of supplementing lactating camels with Acacia tortilis pods and ‘Chalbi salt’ on milk yield and calf growth in the peri-urban area of Marsabit town, Kenya 2021-07-05T11:24:49+00:00 JI Sagala josphat.sagala@kalro.org CK Gachuiri josphat.sagala@kalro.org SG Kuria josphat.sagala@kalro.org MM Wanyoike josphat.sagala@kalro.org <p>Camel milk production and marketing within the peri-urban areas within pastoral areas is emerging and has high potential due to sendentarization and urbanization of an increasing number of local inhabitants. Performance of grazing camels in these areas is poor due to inadequate feed resources, particularly during the dry season. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of supplementing lactating camels with milled <em>Acacia tortilis </em>pods and ‘Chalbi salt’ on milk yield, calf growth and its economic potential in the peri-urban area of Marsabit town, Kenya. Twenty Somali camels in early lactation (1-4 weeks post-partum) and parities 2 or 3 and their calves were recruited for the study. The dams and their calves were penned and fed individually with the supplements where applicable. The treatments were: browsing only (B), browsing and ‘Chalbi salt’ (BC), 2 kg/day milled <em>Acacia tortilis </em>pods, ‘Chalbi salt’ and browsing (BC<sub>2</sub>A) and 4 kg/day milled <em>Acacia tortilis </em>pods, ‘Chalbi salt’ and browsing (BC<sub>4</sub>A). Five camels were randomly allocated to each treatment based on initial live weight in a completely randomized design and data collection done for 90 days. During each milking, the two left or right quarters were alternately reserved for the calf, while the remaining two were milked by hand. Milk yields were recorded daily in the morning and evening for 90 days while the calves were weighed on weekly basis for the same period. The overall total mean milk yield during the experimental period ranged from 233.0 to 298.0 litres during the short rains and dry season, respectively. The mean calf weight gains over the study period were 15.2, 19.0, 32.2 and 39.0 kg for B, BC, BC<sub>2</sub>A and BC<sub>4</sub>A, respectively, with BC<sub>4</sub>A and BC<sub>2</sub>A being higher than B. Supplementing camels under treatment BC<sub>4</sub>A was profitable as it resulted in both higher milk yield and calf weight gain and hence positive net gain.</p> <p>Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(1): 117-122, June 2021</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology