Association of Serum Electrolyte Abnormalities in Preterm Low Birth Weight Neonates

Authors

  • Abu Sayeed Chowdhury Junior Consultant, Department of Paediatrics, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka
  • Md Ekhlasur Rahman Professor & Head , Department of Pediatrics, Modern Medical College Hospital, Dhaka
  • Farhana Hossain Associate Professor, Dept. of Ophthalmology, Popular Medical College, Dhaka
  • Abu Faisal Md Parvez Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Faridpur Medical College, Faridpur
  • Md Kamrul Hassan Junior Consultant, Department of Paediatrics, Faridpur Medical College Hospital, Faridpur
  • Farzana Munmun Junior Consultant, Department of Paediatrics, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka
  • Poly Begum Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Diabetic Association Medical College, Faridpur

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/fmcj.v14i1.46164

Keywords:

Preterm, Low birth weight, Serum electrolytes, Neonate

Abstract

Despite decline in under five mortality in the last few decades, neonatal mortality rate has not changed substantially. A large number of these newborn are premature or low birth weight. Premature infants are at increased risk of developing dehydration or overhydration. Therefore, high index of suspicion, prompt recognition and thorough understanding of common electrolyte abnormalities are necessary to improve neonatal outcome. It seems to be essential for immediate management for planning appropriate fluid and electrolyte therapy and thereby for improved outcome. To study the electrolytes abnormalities in preterm low birth weight neonates information were collected who gave consent and participated in the study willingly. Duration of data collection was approximately 6 (Six) months. Patients admitted to the Dhaka Medical College Hospital and after meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria a simple random sampling technique was applied for selecting the sample patients. Total 50 preterm LBW neonates fulfilling the inclusion criteria were studied during this study period. Abnormal electrolytes were documented in 20(40%) preterm LBW neonates of which hyperkalemia was the predominant electrolyte abnormality found in 8(16.0%) neonates, hyponatremia was found in 7 (14.0%), hypokalemia in 3 (6.0%) and hypernatremia in 2 (4.0%). It was observed that electrolyte abnormalities are common in preterm LBW neonates. So, identification of associated electrolyte abnormalities and proper management of fluid and electrolytes and close monitoring are important.

Faridpur Med. Coll. J. Jan 2019;14(1): 31-33

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
437
PDF
837

Downloads

Published

2020-03-26

How to Cite

Chowdhury, A. S., Rahman, M. E., Hossain, F., Md Parvez, A. F., Hassan, M. K., Munmun, F., & Begum, P. (2020). Association of Serum Electrolyte Abnormalities in Preterm Low Birth Weight Neonates. Faridpur Medical College Journal, 14(1), 31–33. https://doi.org/10.3329/fmcj.v14i1.46164

Issue

Section

Original Articles