Hypomagnesemia and Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus

Authors

  • Pijush Karmakar Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Eastern Medical College, Cumilla, Bangladesh
  • Iffat Jahan Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Eastern Medical College, Cumilla, Bangladesh
  • Md Zakirul Islam Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Eastern Medical College, Cumilla, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/emcj.v7i1.62723

Keywords:

Serum Mg , Hypomagnesemia, Type-2 DM

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been suggested to be the most common metabolic disorder associated with several macrovascular and microvascular complications. Hypomagnesemia has been reported to occur at an increased frequency among patients with type-2 DM. Those who have poor glycemic control and longtime DM are more likely to decrease the blood magnesium (Mg) level. Mg deficit may also coexist with deficiencies of other dietary elements, such as vitamins, calcium (Ca++) and potassium (K+). Despite numerous reports linking hypomagnesemia to chronic diabetic complications, attention to this issue is poor among clinicians. This article reviews the literature on physiology & biochemistry of Mg++ diagnosis and incidence, features, causes, complications and management of hypomagnesemia in patients with type-2 DM.

EMCJ. January 2022; 7(1): 26-31

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Published

2022-11-07

How to Cite

Karmakar, P. ., Jahan, I. ., & Islam, M. Z. . (2022). Hypomagnesemia and Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus. Eastern Medical College Journal, 7(1), 26–31. https://doi.org/10.3329/emcj.v7i1.62723

Issue

Section

Review Article