Effect of Smoking on the Red Blood Cell Count, Hemoglobin Concentration, Hematocrit and Red Cell Indices in Adult Male Smokers

Authors

  • Shaheen Nargish Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Eastern Medical College, Cumilla, Bangladesh
  • Md Humayun Kabir Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Rangamati Medical College, Chattogram, Bangladesh
  • Khaleda Akhter Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Eastern Medical College, Cumilla, Bangladesh
  • Khondakar Alwan Nahid Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Eastern Medical College, Cumilla, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Monir Hossain Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Eastern Medical College, Cumilla, Bangladesh
  • Pijush Karmakar Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Eastern Medical College, Cumilla, Bangladesh
  • Mainuddin Ahmed Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Abdul Malek Ukil Medical College, Noakhali, Bangladesh
  • Md Zakirul Islam Professor and Head, Dept. of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Eastern Medical College, Cumilla, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/emcj.v7i1.62718

Keywords:

Smoking, Red blood cell count, Hemoglobin, Red cell indices.

Abstract

Background- Cigarette smoking is one of the common addictions. The effects of cigarette smoking on health are serious and, in many cases, deadly.

Objectives: The present study was carried to observe the effect of smoking on Red Blood Cells (RBC) count, Hemoglobin (Hb) concentration, Hematocrit (HCT) and Red cell indices in adult male smokers and compare it with non-smokers to create awareness.

Materials and Methods: In this study 50 adult male smokers and 50 adult male non-smokers aged from 20-45 years were taken. The smokers were regularly smoking for at least one year. Fresh peripheral blood sample from subjects were collected and analyzed for Red blood cell count, Hemoglobin concentration, Hematocrit and Red cell indices by using Mythmic-22 automated 5-part Hematology Analyzer.

Result: In this study the values of RBCs count, Hb concentration and Hematocrit showed significant increase (p<0.05) in smokers as compared to non-smokers. The values of Red cell indices (MCV, MCH, MCHC) were statistically not significant between two groups.

Conclusion: This study concluded that smoking causes persistent state of hypoxia in the body due to smoke contents which cause increase in RBCs count, Hb concentration and Hematocrit.

EMCJ. January 2022; 7(1): 1-5

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Published

2022-11-07

How to Cite

Nargish, S. ., Kabir, M. H., Akhter, K., Nahid, K. A., Hossain, M. M. ., Karmakar, P. ., Ahmed, M. ., & Islam, M. Z. . (2022). Effect of Smoking on the Red Blood Cell Count, Hemoglobin Concentration, Hematocrit and Red Cell Indices in Adult Male Smokers. Eastern Medical College Journal, 7(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.3329/emcj.v7i1.62718

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