Effect of Caesarean Section on Neonatal Health in Bangladesh after Controlling Selection Bias: Propensity Score Based Analysis

Authors

  • Md Mahmudur Rahman Department of Statistics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
  • Sabina Sharmin Department of Statistics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
  • Taslim Sazzad Mallick Department of Statistics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/dujs.v69i1.54621

Keywords:

Propensity score, Neonatal health, Caesarean section

Abstract

The paper examines the effect of caesarean section (C-section) on early neonatal mortality, neonatal mortality, and early initiation of breastfeeding using Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS), 2014 data. Propensity score matching and weighting methods were used to estimate unbiased estimate of treatment effect. The study demonstrates how conclusion about treatment effect varies with and without having balance in the treatment groups. Standard analysis, without caring about balance, reveals that C-section has no significant impact on early neonatal mortality and neonatal mortality. After applying propensity score adjusted methods, balance was achieved in the treatment groups and it was found that C-section has significant effect on early neonatal mortality and neonatal mortality. However, there was no difference between standard and PS adjusted methods in estimating the effect of C-section on early initiation of breastfeeding. It is concluded that children who were delivered by C-section have significantly lower odds of early neonatal mortality, neonatal mortality, and early initiation of breastfeeding as compared to the children who were not delivered by C-section.

Dhaka Univ. J. Sci. 69(1): 23-29, 2021 (January)

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Published

2021-03-31

How to Cite

Rahman, M. M., Sharmin, S., & Mallick, T. S. (2021). Effect of Caesarean Section on Neonatal Health in Bangladesh after Controlling Selection Bias: Propensity Score Based Analysis. Dhaka University Journal of Science, 69(1), 23–29. https://doi.org/10.3329/dujs.v69i1.54621

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