Materials Used for Suicidal Hanging Recorded during Autopsy from Sir Salimullah Medical College Morgue

  • Md Syedur Rahaman Sumon Assistant Professor, Dept. of Forensic Medicine, Bashundhara Ad-din Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Kishoara Binte Quader Assistant Professor, Dept. of Forensic Medicine, Delta Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Moushumi Taher Asha Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, Bashundhara Ad-din Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Ferdows Ara Mollika Lecturer, Dept. of Microbiology, Sapporo Dental College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mustafa Sumon Al Rashid Assistant Professor, Dept. of Forensic Medicine, Aichi Medical College, Uttara, Bangladesh
  • Md Belayet Hossain Khan Professor & Head, Dept. of Forensic Medicine, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Farzana Ahmed Assistant Professor, Dept. of Forensic Medicine, Shahabuddin Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Keywords: Suicide; hanging; ligature mark; ligature material

Abstract

Background: Suicide is one of the commonest causes of death worldwide and has a great public health effect. The cause of suicide is found to be multi-factorial in which biological, psychological, social and environmental factors act together. The choice of method depends on the accessibility and availability of the means on the spot at the time of act.

Objective: To find out the choice of ligature material used by the victims, type of hanging in relation to the point of suspension and other related factors.

Materials and method: This retrospective observational study summarizes the post mortem examinations on 187 cases of suicide by hanging during January 2012 to December 2013 in the Department of Forensic Medicine, Sir Salimullah Medical College and Mitford Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Ligature material used by the victim was noted from the available forensic reports.

Results: The current study is done to find out the commonly used material in cases of hanging. Male (63%) outnumbered females (37%) in committing suicide by hanging. Most commonly used ligature material was rope (28%) followed by ‘orna’/’dupatta’ (22%). The nature of ligature material was soft in 68% cases while hard material was used in 5% cases. The position of knot was observed on left side of neck in 63% cases followed by right side in 21% cases. The commonly used ligature was a rope with guider, and ceiling fan and tree branches as the point of suspension.

Conclusion: Rope is frequently used for domestic purposes and thus it is also the most commonly used ligature material. Social, cultural and economic values must be strengthened to reduce incidence of suicide.

Delta Med Col J. Jul 2019 7(2): 66-70

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Abstract
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Published
2020-02-19
How to Cite
Sumon, M. S., Quader, K. B., Asha, M. T., Mollika, F. A., Rashid, M. S., Khan, M. B., & Ahmed, F. (2020). Materials Used for Suicidal Hanging Recorded during Autopsy from Sir Salimullah Medical College Morgue. Delta Medical College Journal, 7(2), 66-70. https://doi.org/10.3329/dmcj.v7i2.45543
Section
Original Articles