Factors Affecting Gingivitis among Patients Attending in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Bangladesh

Authors

  • Mst Mostary Zannath Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health, Atish Dipanker University of Science and Technology, Dhaka
  • Md Monoarul Haque Fellow, Dept. of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
  • Masuma Akther Associate Professor, Dept. of Public Health, Atish Dipanker University of Science and Technology, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/dmcj.v3i1.22233

Keywords:

Gingivitis, determinants

Abstract

Background: Gingivitis is one of the common diseases in Bangladesh and a public health problem also. Broadly factors of two categories are responsible for the occurrence of gingivitis: anatomical and behavioral. Few physiological factors also have influence. In Bangladesh we have no national health survey on periodontal condition.

Objective: The aim of this study was to find out the factors affecting gingivitis among patients of 15 to 40 years of age attending in a tertiary care hospital in Dhaka city.

Materials and method: This was a cross sectional study and purposive sampling method was used. Total 200 samples were taken who fulfilled the inclusion criteria by pretested structured questionnaire in outpatient department (OPD) of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Results: The mean(±SD) age of respondents was 27±5 years. Dietary factors responsible for gingivitis were sweets (80%), followed by fast food (14%). Regarding behavioral factors, smoking (48%), tobacco using (8%) and betel nuts chewing (28%) influenced gingivitis. Most of the respondents (89%) were suffering from gingivitis for at least one year and gum bleeding was documented in 99% of respondents.

Conclusion: Dietary and behavioral patterns were found to be responsible for gingivitis.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/dmcj.v3i1.22233

Delta Med Col J. Jan 2015; 3(1): 09-12

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Published

2015-02-14

How to Cite

Zannath, M. M., Haque, M. M., & Akther, M. (2015). Factors Affecting Gingivitis among Patients Attending in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Bangladesh. Delta Medical College Journal, 3(1), 9–12. https://doi.org/10.3329/dmcj.v3i1.22233

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Original Articles