Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/CERB <p>Publishes research work conducted in the field of Chemical Engineering and related fields. Full text articles available.</p><p>Note: On 21/11/2011 CERB was accepted onto Scopus.</p> en-US nahidsanzida@che.buet.ac.bd (Dr. Nahid Sanzida) banglajol.info@gmail.com (Md Fahmid Uddin Khondoker) Fri, 12 Jun 2020 03:58:54 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Modeling and Optimization of Propane Selective Oxidation to Acrylic Acid Over Mo 1 V 0.3 Te 0.23 NB 0.12 O X Catalyst Using Artificial Neural Network and Box-Behnken Design https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/CERB/article/view/47368 <p>The prediction capability of response surface methodology (RSM) and artificial neural network (ANN) models for propane selective oxidation to acrylic acid (AA) over Mo<sub>1</sub>V<sub>0.3</sub>Te<sub>0.23</sub>Nb<sub>0.12</sub>O<sub>x</sub> catalyst was investigated in this work. 15 experimental runs based on the Box-Behnken design (BBD) were employed to study the effects of temperature (380 to 500 °C), superficial velocity (33.3 to 66.7 mL (min g<sub>cat</sub>)<sup>-1</sup>), (O<sub>2</sub>)/(C<sub>3</sub>H<sub>8</sub>) ratio (1 to 3) and their interactions on propane conversion, AA selectivity and CO<sub>x</sub> selectivity. The quadratic polynomial BBD equations and the feed-forward back propagation ANN models were developed based on the designed experimental data. Statistical analysis; coefficient of determination (R2), mean absolute error (MAE) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) illustrated that there was acceptable adjustment between BBD and ANN predicted responses as compared to experimental data. While, the ANN model showed a clear preference and generalization capability over BBD model in the case of experimental data set which were not used to training the models. In addition the optimum conditions were found to be temperature (461.7 °C), GHSV (51.9 mL (min g<sub>cat</sub>)<sup>-1</sup>) and (O<sub>2</sub>)/(C<sub>3</sub>H<sub>8</sub>) ratio (2.1) which were determined by desirability function approach. In these conditions, propane conversion of 15.2%, AA selectivity of 32% and CO<sub>x</sub> selectivity of 44% which obtained experimentally were in reasonable agreement with predicted responses.</p> <p>Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin 21(2019) 1-19</p> Golshan Mazloom ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/CERB/article/view/47368 Thu, 04 Jun 2020 07:44:54 +0000 Statistical Optimization of Lactic Acid Extraction Using Green Solvent and Mixed Extractants (TOA and TOMAC) https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/CERB/article/view/47369 <p>Since some previous years, reactive extraction has become more attractive and competitive technique for the separation and purification of lower carboxylic acids from fermentation broth as well as from dilute aqueous streams. This paper shows the results of investigation of reactive extraction of lactic acid (LA) from an aqueous solution using the synergistic mixture of the extractants (TOA (tri-n-octylamine) and TOMAC (Tri-n-octylmethylammonium chloride)) and a non-toxic and biocompatible green solvent (soybean oil). Three-level Box-Behnken design (BBD) under response surface methodology (RSM) was opted for the experimental design and to interpret the mutual effect of seven independent process parameters on the LA distribution coefficient (KD). The maximum values of LA distribution coefficient (K<sub>D</sub>=2.51) and its extraction efficiency (ηη=71.5%) were obtained for the optimum values of various process parameters such as 0.02 [M] initial LA concentration (CC<sub>1</sub>), 0.5 (v/v) extractant ratio (α), 28.66% (v/v) mixed extractants concentration (ψ), 2 (v/v) phase ratio (φ), 27<sup>0</sup>C temperature (T), 102 rpm stirring speed (ω), and 63 mincontact time (τ). This present investigation will provide a noble discussion on LA reactive extraction using green solvent and on various influencing process parameters for gaining the enhanced value of LA distribution coefficient (<em>K</em><sub>D</sub>).</p> <p>Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin 21(2019) 20-35</p> Anil Kumar, Avinash Thakur ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/CERB/article/view/47369 Thu, 04 Jun 2020 07:44:59 +0000 Numerical Solution of MHD Nanofluid Over a Stretching Surface with Chemical Reaction and Viscous Dissipation https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/CERB/article/view/47370 <p>The main objective of this paper is to focus on a numerical study of chemical reaction and viscous dissipation effects on the steady state boundary layer flow of MHD nanofluid past the horizontally stretching sheet with the existence of nanoparticles. A proper similarity transformation is utilized to convert the boundary layer equations into the nonlinear and coupled ordinary differential equations. These ODEs are sorted out numerically by applying the shooting mechanism. Graphical representations are also included to explain the effect of evolving parameters against the above-mentioned distributions. Significance of different physical parameters on dimensionless velocity, temperature and concentration are elaborated through graphs and tables. For increasing values of Eckert number, the temperature profile increases whereas the chemical reaction parameter increases, the boundary layer thickness decreases.</p> <p>Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin 21(2019) 36-45</p> G Narender, Santoshi Misra, K Govardhan ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/CERB/article/view/47370 Thu, 04 Jun 2020 07:45:07 +0000 Optimization of Energy Consumption in Acetic Acid and N-Butanol Esterification Reaction with Simultaneous Water Removal Using Novel Microcontroller Based Automated Reactor https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/CERB/article/view/47371 <p>This paper focuses on the optimization of energy consumption in esterification of acetic acid wherein the water removal is achieved by using silica gel desiccant in a microcontroller based automated reactor. Esterification reactions are endothermic hence, one can get more product, by increasing the temperature, thus disturbing the equilibrium. Heat of reaction (<em>Hr</em>) was estimated by using the heat capacity data and constants (C). Energy analysis and modelling was developed for the enhancement of process which is the key component of the systems. The mathematical model is validated by experimental results. In this paper, effect of parameters like desiccant weight, regeneration temperature and molar ratio on energy consumption are studied. Trends of energy effectiveness of several parameters are presented in the various regeneration temperatures and molar ratio and desiccant weight which confirmed the linear relationship with hot air flowrate. Decrease of 33% in power consumption was observed by decreasing the hot air flowrate by 10%.This is the conformity of validation of affinity law. The newly invented model was optimized for variables, hot air temperature, molar ratio and silica gel weight. The minimum energy consumption at 1 desirability was reported by software in the given range of parameters. When the hot air temperature, molar ratio and silica gel weight were 67.67<sup>0</sup>C, 3 and 34.32 gm, then the minimum value of energy consumption was 29.59 Watt.</p> <p>Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin 21(2019) 46-57</p> Amol A Bhusari, Bidyut Mazumdar, Ajit P Rathod ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/CERB/article/view/47371 Thu, 04 Jun 2020 07:45:20 +0000 Production and Performance Evaluation of Noble Fire Extinguishing Foam Suspensions Using Locally Available and Environmentally Friendly Natural Mineral Raw Materials https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/CERB/article/view/47372 <p>The main goal of this research is the fabrication of halogen free, environmentally friendly fire-extinguishing powders using local mineral raw materials and the development of technological processes for producing highly efficient fire-extinguishing foam-suspensions on the basis of the produced powders. Fire-extinguishing powders are made by mechanical treatment and mixing of raw materials: zeolite, clay shale, perlite and ammophos. The process does not need introduction of expensive, halogen-containing, hydrophobizators and ensures the cost-effective production of fire-extinguishing powders. The obtained fire-extinguishing powders are characterized by high performance properties, high fire-extinguishing capacity and coefficient of atomic oxygen recombination. Thus, they are characterized both by homogeneous and heterogeneous inhibition of combustion processes. The efficiency of the produced powders is not inferior to that of standard powders of common production. In addition, in contrast to their traditional analogs they are halogen free, environmentally friendly and cheaper (1.2-2 times cheaper<strong>)</strong>. The obtained powders, unlike the ones of conventional production, have good compatibility with water and foam. Our foam-suspensions are prepared just by mechanical mixing of fire-extinguishing powders with water and surface-active substances – foamers. The process does not require chemical treatment of materials. Thus, the developed technology is simple and cost-effective. The foam-suspensions produced on the basis of the obtained powders have higher heat capacity, permeability, wetting effect like water and foam and unlike them, they allow for homogeneous as well as heterogeneous inhibition of the burning process. Thus, the so produced foam-suspensions will have higher extinguishing effect than water, foams or powders, taken separately. Based on the above, it can be suggested that the produced powders can be used for extinguishing all types of fires, including large-scale ones in a combination with water and foams.</p> <p>Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin 21(2019) 58-64</p> Lali Gurchumelia, Murman Tsarakhov, Salome Tkemaladze, Feliks Bejanov, Lasha Tkemaladze ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/CERB/article/view/47372 Thu, 04 Jun 2020 07:45:28 +0000