Biofiltration kinetics of ethylacetate and xylene using sugarcane bagasse based biofilter

Authors

  • saravanan Viswanathan Annamalai University
  • Rajasimman Manivasagam Annamai university
  • Rajamohan Natarajan Annamalai University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/cerb.v14i1.4683

Keywords:

Xylene, Ethylacetate, Sugarcane bagasse, Biofilter, Biochemical reaction.

Abstract

Biodegradation kinetic behaviors of ethyl acetate and xylene in a sugarcane bagasse biofilter were investigated. Microbial growth rate, biochemical reaction rate and kinetic analysis were inhibited at higher inlet concentration. For the microbial growth process, the microbial growth rate of ethyl acetate was greater than that of xylene in the inlet concentration range of 0.2 - 1.2 g.m-3. The degree of inhibitive effect was almost the same for ethyl acetate and xylene in this concentration range. The half-saturation constant Ks values of ethyl acetate and xylene were 1.8489 and 1.784 g.m-3, respectively. The maximum reaction rate Vm values of ethyl acetate and xylene were 0.8073and 0.8438 g C h-1 kg-1 packed material, respectively at a concentration of 0.2 g.m-3. For the biochemical reaction process, the biochemical reaction rate of ethyl acetate was greater than that of xylene in the inlet concentration range of 0.2 - 1.2 g.m-3. The inhibitive effect for ethyl acetate was more pronounced than that for 0.2 - 1.2 g.m-3 in this concentration range. The EAX concentration profiles along the depth were also determined by using diffusion reaction model. It was observed that at low concentration and low flow rate, the model is in good agreement with the experimental values for ethylacetate and xylene.

Keywords: Xylene, ethyl acetate, sugarcane bagasse, biofilter, biochemical reaction

DOI = 10.3329/cerb.v14i1.4683

Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin 14 (2010) 51-57

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
920
PDF
825

Author Biography

saravanan Viswanathan, Annamalai University

Chemical engineering

Downloads

Published

2010-05-28

How to Cite

Viswanathan, saravanan, Manivasagam, R., & Natarajan, R. (2010). Biofiltration kinetics of ethylacetate and xylene using sugarcane bagasse based biofilter. Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin, 14(1), 51–57. https://doi.org/10.3329/cerb.v14i1.4683

Issue

Section

Articles