Aerobic Pollution Abatement of Pulp mill Effluent with the White Rot fungus <i>Phanerochaete chrysosporium</i> in Three-phase Fluidized Bed Bioreactor

Authors

  • B Jaganathan Department of Chemical Engg., NIT,Trichy-15,India
  • S K Masud Hossain Department of Chemical Engg., NIT,Trichy-15,India
  • K M Meera Sheriffa Begum Department of Chemical Engg., NIT,Trichy-15,India
  • Narayanan Anantharaman Department of Chemical Engg., NIT,Trichy-15,India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/cerb.v13i1.2613

Keywords:

Pulp and paper-mill effluent, fungal treatment, Phanerochaete chrysosporium

Abstract

The ligninolytic fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium was used to treat the pulp and paper-mill effluent. It was pelletized and used for batch and continuous experiments in a two-litre fluidized bed bioreactor. The continuous experiment was initiated with concentrated effluent without any extra carbon source and the average removal of color was 3.8%. Then, it was fed with 50% diluted effluent which was enriched with glucose. At first, the glucose was consumed by the fungus, which is indicated by a COD removal of 38.5% and a 26.5% removal of color. This indicates the need for an extra carbon source for the fungal treatment. Using the mycelial mass in suspension, two experiments were carried out. The best results were obtained with 20% fungus and shaking of the effluent. During the last three days of the experiment using the mycelium mass the average removal of color, COD and BOD was 86.4%, 78.8% and 70.5%, respectively. The result indicates the potential of Phanerochaete chrysosporium for use in the treatment of pulp and paper-mill effluent.

Keywords: Pulp and paper-mill effluent, fungal treatment, Phanerochaete chrysosporium.

DOI = 10.3329/cerb.v13i1.2613

Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin 13 (2009) 13-16

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
783
PDF
874

Author Biographies

B Jaganathan, Department of Chemical Engg., NIT,Trichy-15,India

Top ranked department at Institute in 2008

K M Meera Sheriffa Begum, Department of Chemical Engg., NIT,Trichy-15,India

Top ranked department at Institute in 2008

Narayanan Anantharaman, Department of Chemical Engg., NIT,Trichy-15,India

Top ranked department at Institute in 2008

Downloads

Published

2009-07-08

How to Cite

Jaganathan, B., Hossain, S. K. M., Begum, K. M. M. S., & Anantharaman, N. (2009). Aerobic Pollution Abatement of Pulp mill Effluent with the White Rot fungus <i>Phanerochaete chrysosporium</i> in Three-phase Fluidized Bed Bioreactor. Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin, 13(1), 13–16. https://doi.org/10.3329/cerb.v13i1.2613

Issue

Section

Articles