Measurements of Metal Contamination, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Five Medicinal Herbs from Azad Kashmir

  • Muhammad Riaz Department of Chemistry, University of AJK, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Zahid University of Nebraska Medical Center, University of Nebraska, Omaha, NE, USA
  • Muhammad Azhar Sherkheli Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Abbottabad University of Science and Technology Havelian, KPK, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Altaf Department of Chemistry, University of AJK, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
  • Saima Manzoor Department of Chemistry, University of AJK, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
  • Noman Abbasi Department of Chemistry, University of AJK, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
  • Rehana Rashid Department of Chemistry, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, KPK, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Qayyum Khan Department of Botany, University of AJK, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
  • Saiqa Andleeb Department of Zoology, University of AJK, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
Keywords: Metal contamination, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Medicinal herbs.

Abstract

We studied the metal contaminations as well as antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of five medicinal species: Berberis lyceum (Sumbal), Datura stramonium (Joz-e-masel), Semicarpous anacardium (Bhalawa), Fumaria indica (Shahtara) and Gymnema sylvestre (Gurmar) using atomic absorption spectrophotometry and agar-well diffusion method against E. coli and S. aureus and ABTS+decolorization assay. We found that the contamination levels of K, Ca, Mg, and Ni are above the standard permissible limits and should be monitored. B. lyceum has been found to possess highest antimicrobial activities against both strains. Besides B. lyceum, D. stramonium, S. anacardium and F. indica have shown promising antioxidant activities. Phytochemical investigations are required to isolate antimicrobial and antioxidant compounds from these medicinal plants.

Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Journal 22(1): 7-12, 2019

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Published
2019-01-29
How to Cite
Riaz, M., Zahid, M., Sherkheli, M. A., Altaf, M., Manzoor, S., Abbasi, N., Rashid, R., Khan, M. Q., & Andleeb, S. (2019). Measurements of Metal Contamination, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Five Medicinal Herbs from Azad Kashmir. Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Journal, 22(1), 7-12. https://doi.org/10.3329/bpj.v22i1.40019
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Articles