Optimizing Spinal Fusion in Degenerated Spinal Stenosis, proposing a hybrid scoring system for Bangladesh people in law Sack pain

Authors

  • Md Moshiur Rahman Department of Neurosurgery, Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College, Dhaka
  • Sabrina Rahman Topbright(Pvt.)Ltd, Lalmatia, Dhaka
  • Mohammad Nabil Hossain Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chuina Three Georges University, Hubai, China
  • Robent Ahmed Khan Department of Neurosurgery, BSMMU, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • Sim Khairun Nabi Khan Department of Neurosurgery, BSMMU, Shahbag, Dhaka,
  • ASM Sarwar Topbright(Pvt.)Ltd., Lalmatia, Dhaka-1207.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v49i3.69236

Keywords:

Spinal Fusion, Lumbar Spinal Stenosis, Scoring system

Abstract

Background: Degeneration is a progressive phenomenon in lumbar spinal stenosis patients. The outcome of surgery predictors is sometimes biased. Fusion and stabilization in such cases are unnecessary in many situations. There is still a debate to decompress only versus fusion in low-grade listhesis. Fusion and stabilization in the aged lumbar spine should have clear indications.

Objective: To assess whether the fusion is necessary in lumbar spinal stenosis in selected cases or not and to create a new scoring system among the patients of low backache in Bangladeshi people.

Method: A total of 120 cases were observed retrospectively from 2012 to 2018 in Comfort Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. And 40 more cases data will be collected in the upcoming study period of 6 months. To assess the study we will conduct a survey. In previous cases, the patients had undergone three types of surgeries (Laminectomy, Unilateral approach, and Fusion surgeries). ODI and Swiss score were used for assessment of functional outcome. A new scoring system has been made for patients who may be benefited from fusion or non- fusion surgeries.

Results: In retrospective data, there were 80 male and 40 female patients. Maximum patients were between 41 to 50 years. 59.17% were heavy workers and 66.67% were smoker. Maximum patients (59.17%) had undergone unilateral surgical approaches and 18.33% undergone fusion surgeries. 98.33% patients had satisfactory outcome in our study. In our hybrid scale, the pain status showed, 52.50% had moderate pain, 22.50% had mild pain, 20% had severe pain and only 5% had very severe pain. Maximum participants having low back pain were below 30 years old and 65% lift weight more than 25 kg. The total pain score was significant in our correlation test. The Cronbach's Alpha (.784) was significant in Bangladeshi socio- demographic population.

Conclusion: The outcome of such a study will help to know either fusion surgeries in selected cases are effective for lumbar spinal stenosis or not. Also, it will probably help to select patients for such a study and to improve surgical treatment methods.

Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2023; 49: 164-170

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Published

2023-12-01

How to Cite

Rahman, M. M. ., Rahman, S. ., Hossain, M. N. ., Khan, R. A., Khan, S. K. N. ., & Sarwar, A. . (2023). Optimizing Spinal Fusion in Degenerated Spinal Stenosis, proposing a hybrid scoring system for Bangladesh people in law Sack pain. Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin, 49(3), 164–170. https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v49i3.69236

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Section

Research Papers