Habitual physical exercise and osteoarthritis of the knee in female
Physical exercise and osteoarthritis of knee in female
Background: The exercise is a widely promoted way to improve and maintain health, and osteoarthritis (OA) is a major health problem also. The study was conducted to examine the impact of different types of leisure-time physical activity on the OA of the knee.
Objective: The study was aimed to evaluate the association of recreational (habitual) physical activities with the osteoarthritis of the knee in the female.
Methods: The case-control study was carried out on 174 female selected purposively with the age range of 40 – 70 years and above, from September 2016 to August 2017.Among them 87 were the cases with OA of the knee, and the same number of healthy females of the same age group were included as the control. Physical activity was assessed by self-reported regular exercise patterns. A structured interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data.
Results: Age, educational status, occupational status and BMI were not statistically significant (p>0.05) between the two groups. High level of physical activities (walking, running or jogging 20 or more miles per week) were associated with osteoarthritis of the knee, while low level of physical activities (<10miles/per week) and moderate level of physical activities (10-20 miles/per week) had no significant association with the osteoarthritis of the knee.
Conclusion: Based on the findings, the study suggests not to continue a high level of physical activities rather than to continue with moderate and low level of physical activity in accordance to subject’s physical propensity, and endorse this note for the general health promotion.
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2020; 46(2): 99-103
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