Occupational stress and work ability among nurses in an academic hospital
Background: Occupational stress is one of the key factors in reducing staff productivity in any organization with physical and psychological impacts on employees. Nursing is among the most stressful professions. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the extent of perceived level occupational stress and its association with work-related and non-work related variables as causes of stress and work ability among nurses in a Public Medical College Hospital.
Methods: A cross sectional study was done among nurses in Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Hospital (ShSMCH) dmi.ng July 2015-June 2016 among 197 nurses, selected through a simple random sampling. Face to face interview was conducted, using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire. Occupational stress and work ability were measured using Expanded Nurses Stress Scale Questionnaire (ENSS) and WorkAbility Index Questionnaire (WAIQ). Appropriate statistical analysis was performed to see the level of significance.
Results: Majority (69.0%) of the study population were between the age of 21 to 39 years, 94.gG/o were female, 68.0% were married, 79.2% were Muslim, 84.3% had diploma, 91.4% fumily income were equal or more than Tk 40,000, 95.5% did clinical work. Some 25.0% worked in medicine ward, 22.8% worked at surgery ward and 90.9% worked more or less than 50 hours per week. Only 5.1% found to be high stress and 94.6% low stress. Significant difference was found between female and male, occupational stress and religion, educational status, type of work, occupational stress and work ability (p<.0.05).
Conclusion: Severe occupational stress is associated with reduced work ability. So, it is recommended to decrease occupational stress to increase work ability, although identification of sources of occupational stress seems necessary in order to adopt appropriate stress management strategies.
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2018; 44: 113-117
184 ONLINE VIEW
Copyright (c) 2018 Das SR, Biswas C, Raza AKMM, Akhtar K, Kawsar AA, Hossain S
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication.
Articles in the Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).